Young politicians in the Netherlands: “A fresh perspective is accepted sooner”

In the municipalities, they are the major absences, young people are hardly represented in the local administration. Only 10 percent of all council members and 7 percent of all councilors are younger than 30. The number of mayors under 30: zero. And the average age of municipal administrators is getting higher. That is a problem, because the voice of an entire generation is hardly heard.

In a new series “The Voice of the Young” we highlight the dreams and actions of the youth. How do they view society and politics? Today two politicians who are the exception: the youngest alderman and the youngest councilor in the Netherlands.

Handy excuse

The youngest alderman is 23-year-old Peter Raaijmakers. At the age of 17 he ended up in politics. “I want to mean something to the community and have always been interested in public administration, in history. I was just doing that at a young age.”

Raaijmakers is an alderman in Sint-Michielsgestel, a municipality with around 30,000 residents in North Brabant. The mayor is happy with the contributions of his young co-director. “It gives a completely different dynamic. He looks at files in a different way and also gives a refreshing look at things,” says Han Looijen.

His young age is often a handy excuse, says Raaijmakers. “A fresh look or another suggestion is accepted sooner. And it also helps that we have a combination in the council: I am 23, the oldest is 61. That is a nice reflection.”


18-year-old Noah Brok is the youngest councilor in the Netherlands. At the age of 16 he was chosen for a local party in the municipal council of Heusden. “The nice thing about the city council is debating with each other about topics that are current in the municipality,” he says.

The Brok family is not necessarily a political family. Father Brok is not even concerned with politics at all. His son Noah must have twin brother Roman. He is also interested in politics, although it is of a different political color. The political discussions between the two keep both sharp.

View the discussions between the Brok brothers below:

The Onderstroom: young people in politics

Fire in Australia: the government's increasingly unsustainable silence on climate

The unprecedented fires that ravage Australia are fueling the anger of some of the population against the Conservative government, a strong supporter of the mining industry, which continues to play down the threat of global warming.

These fires are in season, but they surprised this year by their precocity, their intensity and their magnitude, killing four people.

And for many people on the east coast, they are the materialization, at home, of a peril that is no longer just theoretical.

“The whole coast is burning,” jokes Julie Jones, whose house in the Blue Mountains, New South Wales, nearly went up in smoke. “I think it's climate change.”

Several former firefighters jumped on Thursday, warning that global warming was helping to “boost” the fire problem and pointing to Prime Minister Scott Morrison's passivity on the issue.

“I am fundamentally worried about the impact and damage associated with climate change,” said Lee Johnson, a former fire chief.

“+ Unprecedented + is an expression that has been used a lot, but in this case it is adapted.”

For days, the head of the government has absolutely refused to answer questions about the link with climate change, sheltering behind the urgency of helping victims even as people questioned him about it during his movements on the ground.

Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison (left) at an evacuee center in Taree, 350 km north of Sydney, November 10, 2019 (AFP - PETER PARKS)

Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison (left) at an evacuee center in Taree, 350 km north of Sydney, November 10, 2019 (AFP – PETER PARKS)

From the Liberal Party, Mr. Morrison recognizes the reality of global warming. But he says that the problem can be managed without penalizing the economy.

He is a strong advocate for the Australian mining industry, which accounts for 70% of national exports.

While finance minister, he hit the headlines in 2017 by brandishing a piece of coal as a trophy in the House of Representatives and, ironically speaking to the audience, “Do not be afraid!”

He has just announced that his government was going to crack down on the radical ecologist fringe advocating “secondary boycott actions” to push companies not to conclude an agreement with the mining industry.

Mr. Morrison opposes the call to do more for the climate, while ensuring that his country will keep its commitments to reduce emissions by 26% to 28%, compared to 2005 levels , by 2030.

– “Illuminated Ecolos” –

He has hardened his tone since his surprise election victory in May. Some believe his bid to support a controversial mining project by India's Adani group in Queensland before the election tipped the scales.

Manifestation of Extinction Rebellion in Sydney, October 7, 2019 (AFP / Archives - PETER PARKS)

Manifestation of Extinction Rebellion in Sydney, October 7, 2019 (AFP / Archives – PETER PARKS)

When the Greens again denounced the government's climate policy this week, Deputy Prime Minister Michael McCormack's response was scathing: “At the moment people are trying to save their homes, we do not need the delusions of some ecologists. enlightened to the big heart who live in big cities. “

A position more and more complicated given the scale of the disaster.

After several days coordinating the action of rural firefighters in New South Wales, their leader, Commissioner Shane Fitzsimmons has clearly made the connection with climate disruption.

“We are aware that science estimates that the fire season starts earlier and lasts longer,” he said on Wednesday.

The Bureau of Meteorology, an agency that depends on the government, has even recognized that global warming, caused by human activities, has an “impact on the frequency and severity of fires”.

Scientists establish an indisputable link between warming and fire, even if the interactions are complex and other parameters come into play, such as the temperature of the Indian Ocean or the evolution of air masses in Antarctica.

“Forest fires are not directly attributable to climate change,” says Janet Stanley of the University of Melbourne. “However, the rapid warming of the climate makes fires more frequent and more intense.”

Aircraft pours fire retardant on out-of-control fire near Taree, 350 km north of Sydney, November 12, 2019 (AFP - PETER PARKS)

Aircraft pours fire retardant on out-of-control fire near Taree, 350 km north of Sydney, November 12, 2019 (AFP – PETER PARKS)

“The mountain of irrefutable evidence linking global warming and fires means that the federal government's lack of action, and even its silence, is extremely difficult to explain.”

According to an Australian Institute survey, 81% of Australians fear that global warming will lead to more droughts and floods, and 64% want the government to set a target of zero emissions in 2050.

“The problem will not go away by putting your head in the sand,” said Claire Pontin, deputy mayor of a locality in New South Wales ravaged by the flames.

Donald Trump: That's how the first public witness hearing went

In a tense atmosphere between the political camps, the US Congress has held the first public hearing since the impeachment investigation began against US President Donald Trump. The US Ambassador to the US, William Taylor, and the diplomat George Kent, testified on Wednesday as witnesses. US media spoke of a “historical” event. Trump, in the presence of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan at the White House, said he was “too busy” to watch the hearing. “It's a witch hunt,” he said.

The main allegation is whether Donald Trump has been providing military assistance to Ukraine for its efforts to investigate corruption in Ukraine against Hunter Biden, the son of potential democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden. Trump would have abused his office to discredit a potential opponent. The Democrats have already collected ample evidence for this abuse from their point of view. The televised hearings should give every American the opportunity to see for themselves.

Here you can find the most important statements from the first public hearing for your reference.

+++ 21 clock: witnesses see credibility of diplomats scratched +++

Taylor and Kent agree that the credibility of diplomats gets damaged when leaders ask foreign governments to investigate rivals.

+++ 8:20 pm: George Kent attacks Trump +++

“Requesting Ukraine to investigate Biden has nothing to do with fighting corruption,” says diplomat George Kent. Trump had argued from the beginning that he was just trying to fight corruption in Ukraine. But Trump's alleged “anti-corruption campaign” refers to only one person. In addition, Trump has never raised corruption in previous public meetings with Ukrainian politicians.

+++ 20 clock: the question and answer session of the Republicans is over +++

Now that the Republicans have asked their questions to the witnesses, each member of the committee is now allowed to interview diplomats Bill Taylor and George Kent for five minutes.

+++ 19.50 clock: Republican Devin Nunes defends Trump +++

Republican Devin Nunes defends before the committee Donald Trump. Unlike Barack Obama, Trump is ready to deliver “more than blankets” to Ukraine, such as anti-tank missiles. Unlike Trump, Obama once actually refused to provide lethal military aid to Ukraine – but Obama provided much more than just “blankets.”

+++ 18:40: Republicans Meadows: “I find it difficult to stay awake” +++

Mark Meadows, one of Trump's closest allies, tells reporters on Capitol Hill that he does not believe that today's poll will have any impact on public opinion. It's hard for him to stay awake.

+++ 18.31 clock: Democratic questioning session is over +++

The Intelligence Committee closes the Democrats' 45-minute question and answer session. After a short break, the Republicans will be able to ask questions for 45 minutes.

+++ 18:15: Taylor: Trump cares more about the investigation of Biden than the Ukraine +++

Top diplomat Taylor talks about a conversation between the US Ambassador to the EU, Gordon Sondland, which his adjutant was able to hear. He said that Trump is more concerned with the investigation of Biden than with Ukraine.

+++ 5:44 pm: Taylor: Never seen such an amalgamation of interests +++

Taylor on Demand: Never seen that a president's interest was so mixed up with US security interests.

+++ 17:42: What does the Ukraine for US security? +++

Taylor answers: US sees Russia and China as challengers. With the attack on Ukraine, Russia violated the peace order. “And if we do not meet that, then it will continue, and it will change our world, the world our children live in. Ukraine is at the forefront.”

+++ 17:18: On July 18, help for fighting Ukrainians stopped +++

In his opening statement, Taylor also reports on a conference call on July 18, five days before the phone call between Trump and the Ukrainian president. There, a finance official said that Ukraine's aid was put on hold, but she could not say why. Towards the end of an otherwise normal meeting, the voice of an OMB official (the person was not on screen) was heard, indicating that no additional security system spending on Ukraine would be approved until further notice , Taylor emphasized that he and other employees had been completely astonished. “The Ukrainians fought against Russians and counted not only on training and weapons, but also on the assurance of US support.All the OMB employees said was that the directive had come from the president to OMB's chief of staff “Taylor said.

+++ 17:35: The survey Taylor begins +++

The committee chairman Schiff begins the survey. He first assures himself that he has understood the details of Taylor's statement. The US embassy in Kiev reiterates its testimony – most notably that Trump almost exclusively engaged in a phone call to investigate Hunter Biden and Burisma, for which he worked in 2016, rather than Ukraine's security concerns. Taylor emphasizes on demand that war is still raging and people are dying in Ukraine.

+++ 16:58: US Ambassador in Kiev, William Taylor, complements his statement +++

Taylor reports new details on the phone conversation between Trump and Ukrainian President Selensky on 25 July. Just last Friday, an employee reported to him that a day later, US Ambassador Sondland Trump had called in the presence of additional staff to report to the President of a meeting with diplomats in Kiev. Asked by a staff member, as the president thinks about Ukraine, Sondland has answered that Trump is more interested in investigating Hunter Biden, which his lawyer Giuliani should urge.

+++ 16:55: Kent allegations against Trump lawyer Giuliani +++

Over the years 2018 and 2019, he was increasingly struck by the efforts of Donald Trump's personal lawyer Rudy Giuliani and his associates, who had run a smear campaign against the Ukrainian ambassador to the US, Marie Yovanovitch.

+++ 16:48: Kent condemns Trump +++

Kent makes it clear that he wants to share his knowledge with the committee. He knew a lot first hand, some from reports of employees from hearings. He makes it clear that he considers it wrong and against the interests of US secrecy to involve another state for domestic affairs.

+++ 4:40 pm: Witness George Kent holds Statement +++

Currently speaking George Kent, a diplomat with great experience in Ukraine and Eastern Europe. He highlights his competence.

+++ 16:37: Committee members ask for the whistleblower +++

The committee members are asking for more witnesses and, above all, when the whistleblower in the Ukraine affair will appear before the committee. The chairman ship was the only one who knew who that person was. Schiff denies knowing who the whistleblower is and can not give an appointment for the time being. He leads over to this witness survey

+++ 16:34: The first witnesses are sworn +++

The first witnesses, Ukraine Ambassador William Taylor, and diplomat George Kent have taken their oath and will soon be interviewed by committee members.

+++ 16:32: Nunes: A method while still looking for the crime +++

Nunes further criticizes that this impeachment procedure is a procedure that is already taking place while one is still searching for the crime. The Democrats had shaken with the effort of the impeachment investigation confidence in many US government agencies. It will take decades to restore that confidence.

+++ 16:26: Republican Devin Nunes holds input statement +++

Devin Nunes speaks for the Republicans. The head of the Intelligence Committee charges the Democrats and the media he calls “corrupt” in the Ukraine affair, and recalls the investigation into Russia's involvement with Trump's campaign team, which, like the current impeachment, “hoaxes “had been. What is to be expected is nothing but a live theatrical performance.

+++ 16:20: Ship criticized the behavior of Trump +++

The Chairman criticizes Trump's behavior following the announcement of the affair and the disability of Congress, and asks if this is the behavior that the United States expects from its president. This question should be clarified by the procedure.

+++ 16.12 clock: ship reminds of the telephone script +++

Ship: Trump, in a scripted phone call, wanted the Ukrainian president to do him a favor by initiating investigations against Hunter Biden. But this was not in the interest of United States security.

+++ 4:04 pm: Adam Schiff opens the first Impeachment Hearing +++

Chairman Adam Schiff opens the hearing – and is immediately interrupted by the lawyer of the witnesses, as he presents the sequence of the hearing. But now he presents the facts again in detail.

+++ 15.58 clock: Donald Trump shoots sharply via Twitter +++

Donald Trump comments on the beginning of the hearing as usual for him via Twitter: “Millions of Americans will see what a partisan dizziness that is. (…) Why does the corrupt politician ship the cross-examination to a high-priced external lawyer? ever worked for me, what would a conflict be? “

+++ 15:48: an effect as in 1974 +++

Forty-five years ago, TV broadcasts of the Watergate affair had a tremendous impact. Public opinion changed rapidly, pressure on then-President Richard Nixon became so great that he resigned before he could be removed from office. Whether the TV hearings exercise such an effect again is, according to experts, but questionable. Alone, because the media landscape has changed enormously.

+++ 15:45: tension in Capitol Hill +++

In a quarter of an hour, the acting US Ambassador to Ukraine, William Taylor, will appear first for public consultation. The diplomat will appear at the invitation of the House Intelligence Committee. The tension in Washington is palpable.

Formula 1 CEO: we will be racing at Zandvoort anyway

Despite ongoing permit applications, resistance from environmental organizations during the renovation of the circuit in Zandvoort and soil procedures for nitrogen and endangered species, the people behind the largest racing event in the world say that they will be racing anyway in six months, 3 May 2020.

Ten teams, twenty drivers, our sponsors, ours broadcasters worldwide are very enthusiastic. We will all be at the gate by that time, “says Sean Bratches, Formula 1 commercial chief and negotiator.

Shortly before the interview with News Hour Bratches spoke to Prince Bernhard and Menno de Jong, owners of the Zandvoort circuit. No mention was made of sand lizards, complicated procedures or legal issues. About festivities on and next to the circuit.

The chance that Formula 1 in Zandvoort will not take place? “I rule that out”

“We are on schedule,” says De Jong. “The permits have been issued. They have been issued. We can use them to get started. There are people who have a different opinion about that. Well, we have an excellent system for that, who can appeal that. And that process is running now. But I don't rule out the chance that it will not go ahead. “

Bratches says that he is regularly updated by the circuit, but he is not aware of all local issues. “I am not familiar with the legal issues that now play. I am confident that they (the circuit, ed.) these issues will be adequately managed. One of the sponsors is a construction company. There would be reputation damage if they didn't get it done. “

“We're going to race”

According to Bratches, an alternative is being considered, although he does not want to release much concrete about it. “There is always a plan B. We are in a position where we have options for racing. With Zandvoort we have an agreement and a mapped out path. But – although you can never say it 100 percent – I can say : we will be there and we will race. “

For Bratches, since 2017 the designated man to transform Formula 1 from an obsolete stronghold into a modern and commercial superpower, Zandvoort is a certainty. Not only in six months, but for at least decades.

“In Monaco we have been driving for 69 years. In Canada we have been doing that for 41 years. There are a series of circuits with which we share a history, come back and have an audience. I don't see why Zandvoort is not going to be one where, when we pass have more gray hair for twenty years, we will be celebrating a twentieth anniversary. “

Good relationships with Assen

So that means that Assen is the end of the story? No, because negotiator Bratches keeps all options open. “We still have good relationships with Assen. The management team of Assen has a great brand with a great history. It is a circuit that is highly regarded worldwide in the motor and motor sport.”

“We wish them all the luck and maybe one day we will race in Assen. But now our partners are in Zandvoort and we are very happy with that.”

Greta Thunberg left the United States by catamaran, heading to Europe (AFP)

Swedish activist Greta Thunberg left the United States on board a catamaran early Wednesday after more than two months on the North American continent, with the goal of Europe and the UN climate meeting COP 25 in early Madrid December, observed an AFP journalist.

Wearing a big backpack and a cap screwed on her head, Greta Thunberg embarked with her father, Svante, on the sailboat La Vagabonde, belonging to a young Australian couple who lives there with her 11-month-old boy. The couple proposed Thunberg to bring them back to Europe, after the appeal launched on November 1 on social networks by the activist, who does not fly, for a transatlantic means of transport.

British sailor Nikki Henderson joined the crew for the crossing.

The 14-meter boat left Hampton, Virginia on the East Coast of the United States, and plans to reach Portugal, more than 5,500 km away. The crossing should take at least two weeks, according to Nikki Henderson.

Sixteen-year-old Greta Thunberg spoke at the UN in September and participated every Friday in demonstrations from New York to Vancouver.

“On the one hand, many things have changed in a good way, but several months have passed without any real action, without people realizing the urgency,” she told AFP. the day before departure.

As for Donald Trump, she thought that his climatic denial may have paradoxically boosted climate mobilization: “He is so extreme, and says things so extreme, that people have woken up in a certain way”.

The Australian couple, Riley Whitelum, 35, and Elayna Carausu, 26, and their child Lenny, plan to film and edit videos of their trip once arrived safely. In the meantime, they will post some photos on Twitter or Instagram.

The Wanderer has solar panels and a hydroelectric generator but also an engine to enter and exit ports.

“We try not to use the engine, it's the goal of every sailor in the world,” Riley told AFP on Tuesday.

“There is nothing more satisfying than using the wind to reach your next destination,” said Elayna.

Usually, the couple eat fish on board but have changed their habits especially for their transient. “We decided to have a vegan boat for Greta,” said Elayna.

Carpool found: Greta Thunberg sails to World Climate Conference in Madrid

Less than three weeks before the start of the World Climate Change Conference in Madrid, climate activist Greta Thunberg has found a way back across the Atlantic.

She will sail back to Europe from the US state of Virginia on the almost 15-meter-long catamaran “La Vagabonde”, the 16-year-old Swede said on Twitter late Tuesday evening (CET). The Australian Youtuber pair Riley Whitelum and Elayna Carausu and the English professional skipper Nikki Henderson should therefore bring them back across the ocean. If everything goes according to plan, the new transatlantic trip will start on Wednesday. “We're sailing to Europe tomorrow morning!” Wrote Thunberg.

The reason for her renewed sailing trip is the relocation of the UN Climate Change Conference from Chile to Spain. The conference was supposed to be held in Santiago de Chile – it was one of the main reasons why Thunberg traveled across the Atlantic to the US on a high seas sailing yacht in August. However, Chile canceled the conference because of fierce social protests in the country, Spain then jumped in as host. The top meeting will now be held in Madrid on 2 December.

Thunberg had explored their options in the past two weeks to get to Madrid in time. The plane was generally excluded due to the high CO2 emissions from air travel. Basically, this was the only timely crossing by ship from the US East Coast.

Now Thunberg is pleased, according to their own information, to come back to the ocean. “This is a great opportunity and I am extremely grateful for the privilege of experiencing such things,” she said. The World Climate Change Conference is very important and she will do her best to arrive in Madrid in time. Whether she makes it on time or not, but does not play a big role: “There are countless other activists there who will speak there and deliver the same message as me. And it's not that my voice is irreplaceable. “

The Australian couple had responded to a tweet of the young Swede, in which she had asked for a ride to Europe. On board will be on the trip also the little son of Whitelum and Carausu, Lenny, as well as Thunberg's father Svante. Svante Thunberg had already been there in August, when his daughter from the North German sailing professional Boris Herrmann and his co-skipper Pierre Casiraghi from England across the pond had been brought to New York. Because of a transatlantic race with the yacht “Malizia” Herrmann turned out this time as a possible sailor on Thunberg's side, but he had offered her in the search for alternative advice and support.

Riley Whitelum and Elayna Carausu claim to sail around the world on the “Vagabonde” and document the journey on their Youtube channel. With their videos, they want to draw attention to the importance of the ocean and inspire others to try alternative ways of life. Your catamaran is equipped with solar panels and hydropower generators to make the journey as emission-free as possible.

Thunberg's journey across the Atlantic lasted two weeks and now has a good two and a half weeks to complete the return journey. Why she prefers the sailboat again, she explained: “By sailing, I want to emphasize again the fact that in today's societies it is practically impossible to live sustainably.”

“Bolivians can do nothing but wait”

These are uncertain times in Bolivia. Since President Evo Morales gave up power on Sunday, the big question is how to proceed. A vote is planned in Parliament tonight on an interim president to curb chaos, but the Morales party can boycott that vote.

“The Bolivians cannot do anything else than wait,” says Rodrigo Taboada-Vaca. He is from Bolivia and has been living in the Netherlands for eight years. He has a lot of contact with his family who lives in the government town of La Paz. One of the places where there has been fierce protest in recent weeks.

“My parents don't share too much with me about the situation there, because they don't want me to get nervous,” says Rodrigo. He knows that they mostly stay indoors, just like many other people. “Their safety is of course paramount. They also try to protect their house against possible looting.”

Rodrigo finds it hard not to be with his family. “Normally I would help them, but now I can't do anything. That feels bad, but I am hopeful that things will improve. If you are talking about freedom and democracy, there are no straight paths to that. Then sometimes you get into this situations. “

Let go golden opportunity

Morales resigned this weekend after having been in power for fourteen years. He was under attack since the presidential election a few weeks ago. Bolivians angrily took to the streets because they suspected fraud had been committed.

They demanded his resignation, just like the opposition. Last weekend, police officers and army command joined the demonstrators. Morales said he resigned to put an end to the violence in the country. He spoke of a “civil coup”.

“I think it's good that Morales resigned, but the moment wasn't right,” says Rodrigo. “He had the opportunity to be a president who ensured stability in the country and a good transition to the next president, but that is no longer an option.”

Political asylum in Mexico

And according to him, the president has “missed a golden opportunity”. “Bolivia is a young democracy. We have a long history of unrest and dictators, but the last few years have been fairly stable. Morales could have done something good for the country, but unfortunately he didn't.”

Morales has now left Bolivia. He arrived today in Mexico that offered him political asylum. His country is left behind in chaos.

How should things continue in Bolivia after the departure of Morales?

Brazilian indigenous leaders urge EU to take responsibility

“We can not continue to fight alone”: a delegation of indigenous Brazilian representatives asked Tuesday in Paris that Europe defends the Amazon and its indigenous peoples, “threatened” by the decisions of Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro.

Eight leaders of the APIB (Assembly of Indigenous Peoples of Brazil) began a tour on October 17 in twelve European countries after participating in the synod on the Amazon that was held in the Vatican.

“The hate speech and violence of Bolsonaro incites society to perpetrate acts” against the natives, denounced Sonia Guajajara, of the APIB, which represents 305 ethnic groups, during a press conference.

Brazil's far-right head of state has repeatedly expressed support for mining in indigenous reserves and protected areas.

According to the APIB, 136 human rights defenders and activists, including indigenous ones, have been murdered since the end of 2018 in Brazil, while 109 incursions have occurred in indigenous territories since January, which adds to voluntary fire departures.

The indigenous forest activist Paulo Paulino was killed in early November and another member of the Guajajara Amazon tribe was wounded in an ambush by wood traffickers in Maranhao State (north-eastern China). Brazil).

“We can not continue fighting alone,” insisted Sonia Guajajara, recalling that indigenous peoples consider themselves to be protectors of the Amazon.

The violence “will certainly skyrocket” with the free trade agreement between the European Union and Mercosur, feared Angela Kaxuyana.

French President Emmanuel Macron said at the end of August, when forest fires were spreading in the Amazon, that his Brazilian counterpart Jair Bolsonaro had “lied” about his commitment to the environment and announced that under these conditions France would would oppose the controversial EU-Mercosur Free Trade Agreement.

In addition to products such as soybean and meat, which are affected by this agreement and which may contribute to deforestation, “metals like gold are of particular concern to us” because its extraction “will increase the invasion of our lands,” said Angela. Kaxuyana.

Kreta Kaygang, APIB, criticized France, a “big exporter” of weapons to Brazil. Jair Bolsonaro wants to liberalize the carrying of arms, which would aggravate the “massacre” of the natives, “said Kaygang.

Response to sanctions: Erdogan threatens EU with deportation of more IS supporters

In the face of planned EU sanctions, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has threatened to send more supporters of the terrorist militia Islamic State (IS) to Europe. Turkey has already started, Erdogan said before leaving for the United States in Ankara.

“You may take it lightly. But these doors can open, “Erdogan said. “Then you can see how you manage.” The EU should reconsider its attitude towards a country that has control over many IS members in Turkey and Syria. Erdogan again threatened to send migrants to Europe.

Background of Erdogan's remarks was a question of EU sanctions over Turkish natural gas drilling off Cyprus. The EU considers these unlawful. She cleared the way for new sanctions on Monday. Ankara rejects allegations of illegal drilling.

The trigger for this dispute is the division of the island of Cyprus. Turkey has occupied the north of Cyprus since 1974. There is the – recognized only by Turkey – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. The entire island, however, is internationally recognized as the Republic of Cyprus. She has been an EU member since 2004.

Turkey has received more than 3.6 million refugees from civil war in Syria. This week, Turkey pushes German suspected IS supporters into the Federal Republic for the first time. Erdogan said that Europe is experiencing “considerable excitement and panic” in the face of repatriations.

Turkey started a military offensive against Kurdish militia YPG in northern Syria on 9 October, which it considers a terrorist organization. According to official figures, 287 IS supporters were arrested, including women and children. According to Erdogan, there are currently more than 1,000 ISIS supporters in Turkish prisons, including 737 foreign nationals.

The YPG-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) are guarding thousands of IS prisoners in northern Syria. Pro-Kurdish media activists from the Rojava Information Center told the dpa on request that despite the Turkish invasion, the SDF still had control of all IS detention camps except in the northern Syrian Ain Issa.

According to the Federal Government, a total of ten people from Turkey are to be transferred to Germany this week: A man who has already been flown out on Monday, according to the information, has no relations with the Islamist milieu. A family of seven, who is attributed to the Salafist milieu in Lower Saxony Hildesheim, should be deported on Thursday. She had arrived in Turkey in January and had been deported in March. Nothing is known about a stay in the IS area. On Friday, two German IS women with a migrant background are expected to have been imprisoned in the Ain Issa camp.

In the medium term, the deportation of two German converts is planned, who had also been able to escape from Ain Issa. First, however, it should be ensured that the children who are with them are actually their own children – and thus German citizens.

In addition to the Germans, Turkey is planning the return of eleven French and two Irish alleged IS fighters. An American and a Dane have already been deported.

The Federal Government currently knows of 133 adults from Germany who are said to have joined the IS and are currently in Syria, Iraq or Turkey. Of these, 95 are German citizens.

Erdogan meets Trump in Washington this Wednesday and wants to talk to him about Northern Syria. Turkey had agreed with Russia, the protector of Syria and the United States, that the YPG fighters should withdraw from the border area. Erdogan again criticized on Tuesday that the agreement was not respected in his view.

Maximum 100 on the highway? These people like it

The cabinet again consulted today about measures to end the nitrogen crisis. Drivers, builders and farmers; they are all waiting for the government to come along. On Tuesday, Prime Minister Mark Rutte will receive Bouwend Nederland to talk about the nitrogen crisis. Perhaps he can then say what measures he wants to take to ensure that the builders can get back to work.

One of the measures on the table is to lower the maximum speed on motorways to 100 kilometers per hour. Not a popular measure, although there are also many people who are very happy with a speed reduction. Because in addition to less nitrogen emissions, it also has completely different advantages: fewer road deaths, less health loss and less noise nuisance.

Better for your lungs

“Driving slower means considerably less nitrogen dioxide, and that really matters to your lungs,” says Michael Rutgers, director of the Long Fund. “The flag would go out” if the speed limit was lowered. “It is really much healthier for the lungs if we drive slower.”

“Nitrogen destroys lungs. About one in five children with asthma got that disease from the mess in the air; particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide.”

Michael Rutgers, director of the Long Fund

News Hour

The Long Fund lobbied for years for a reduction in the maximum speed. That yielded little. Now that the economy is in danger of being hit, it suddenly seems to work. Rutgers is fine with it. “The Netherlands is a country where all kinds of interests must come together to make progress. We are all better off now.”

And what does he say to commuters who are afraid of arriving late for work? “The pain of driving a few minutes longer does not outweigh the pain of people with lung diseases.”

Less noise pollution along busy roads

Marjan van der Horst lives in Harderwijk near the A28 motorway, just like thousands of other Harderwijk residents. They are bothered by the passing traffic, says Van der Horst. Together with her neighbors she campaigned for years to get the maximum speed down.

“I have been here once before to bring the 130 down, and now it suddenly seems to happen. We can sleep better at night and feel recognition for what we have to endure.”

Marjan van der Horst

News Hour

The Harderwijk section was already rushed in last October following the Council of State's nitrogen ruling. The maximum speed was reduced to 120 kilometers per hour. “We are in the middle of the Veluwe and nature turned out to be troubled by nitrogen deposition,” says Van der Horst. “That was good luck for us.”

Now she hopes for more. “From 130 to 120 hardly makes any difference to your hearing, but you will really notice to 100.”

Lowering saves lives

In addition to nature and our lungs and ears, road users also benefit from a lower maximum speed. Because on motorways where 130 kilometers per hour may be driven, the chance that an accident has a fatal outcome is greater than on roads with a lower maximum speed.

“A national reduction to 100 kilometers per hour will definitely save lives,” says Rob Stomphorst of Safe Traffic Netherlands. “The lower the speed, the fewer the victims. High speeds are always difficult for people. It is difficult to estimate when to brake and when to stop.”

Rob Stomphorst, Veilig Verkeer Nederland

News Hour

In addition, traffic jams will decrease as traffic flow improves, Stomphorst says. “With lanes that insert and with many brake lights you often have to brake again, and that is less often necessary if you can keep driving 100.”

People will therefore arrive at their destinations hardly or not at all. “People often think that you are on the road longer if you drive slower. You drive towards a certain goal and you see the clock in the car, that is the psychology of the whole game. But if you could have just driven one speed, for example 100, the better flow means that you will arrive at your destination almost at the same time. “

Watch the interviews with Rutgers, Van der Horst and Stomphorst in Nieuwsuur below:

“A reduction in the speed limit will save lives”