Fridays for Future: Parents and teachers support students in truing for the climate

“Who does not jump, that's for fine dust” – one of the slogans with which students in Berlin again demonstrated on Friday for more climate and environmental protection. For weeks, teenagers have been gathering every Friday before the Federal Ministry of Economics to keep up the pressure on the government. But many of them skip school. A strike in the name of climate protection, under the motto “Fridays For Future”. “It just shows quite strongly that we rebel as an entire generation and from everywhere – from the smallest village in Hessen, with 400 souls, with whom I spoke recently – we show that we are on strike and that we do not accept it, that our future has been lost for 40 years, ignoring for 40 years that we are facing a climate crisis and that we have no chance to act except now, and we are telling you all in the Federal Ministry of Economics, in the Bundestag: act now, do something for the climate, and good enough and not just a bit, it's a climate crisis and not climate change, we need to act now. ” From all parts of Germany, the students had arrived, some in class, accompanied by their teachers. So also by Erik Klausch from Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. “I believe that on days like today, students learn more than I can teach them, in three or four weeks of lessons, because here are the students learning skills and the opportunity to get involved, and that is much more important in our society and society in our time and for the future, as dry matter that I can teach you in class. ” Parents have also joined in the student strike. Under the hashtag Parents for Future, an association of quote “parents, friends and dedicated people” encourages students on the Internet. They should continue the protests. The students in Berlin seemed to leave no doubt about that on Friday. Not only in German cities did students take to the streets – elsewhere in Europe, as here in Paris, young people demanded more climate protection. Among them was 16-year-old Grete Thunberg, who had been washing the heads of politics and business at the World Economic Forum in Davos – she had first called for student strikes.

'Shooting elephants Botswana is not necessary, there are other solutions'

Jacob Konter, manager of a hunting specialist, says that Botswana closed the hunt for elephants several years ago. “And now you see the same thing happening there as in the Dutch Oostvaardersplassen.A population, be it elephants or deer, can not let you grow unrestrained.”

Then you run the risk that the carrying capacity of the habitat is exceeded, says Konter. “This often happens at the expense of animal welfare or biodiversity: if a certain animal species predominates, other species will suffer.” And then shooting is a good solution.

He has never shot an elephant himself. “I would not want that at the moment either, I've been to Africa and walked among the elephants there, it was fantastic, I did not feel the aspiration to shoot them, we sell rifles and ammunition in the store being able.”

Can Dutchman Charly T. (17) leave his Spanish cell?

“The age difference between T. and the girls plays a very important role in this case”, stresses T.'s lawyer Salvador Estevan. “If someone of 12 or 13 gives permission for sex, the Spanish court will still assume that the person is not mature enough to make such a decision.”

No yes is no

Since 2016, there has been more serious action in Spain about sexual abuse. In that year an 18-year-old woman was forced to have sex with five men. The men received a prison sentence for sexual abuse, not for rape. In the weeks after the verdict, in several Spanish cities, black was seen of demonstrators who disagreed with the verdict.

Since then, Spain has been working on a new law on sexual consent, which makes it easier to prove rape in court. Sex without explicit approval is seen as rape in the new law. If a person says 'no', that means no, but if no yes is said, that also means no.

Urban farming in search of sustainability and profitability

From collective gardens to socialize a neglected neighborhood to connected vertical farms, urban agriculture, which has a myriad of realities in different countries and cities, is in full development, but in search of sustainability and profitability.

Practiced by 800 million people worldwide, “urban food production” must be encouraged by public policies, says the UN Agency for Agriculture and Food (FAO).

In Western countries, urban food production models vary, more or less financialized.

Yves Christol, one of the leaders of the largest French agricultural cooperative In Vivo, discerns at least six different models, after a round of the world only to study the question:

-In the northern European countries, the dominant model recreates indoor climates completely electronically controlled, without pesticides, but without direct soil and without sun either.

– To produce beans in Iceland … –

“This makes Iceland a big producer of green beans,” says Christol, “thanks to the water heating of the basement”.

– In Singapore, urban agriculture, also very high tech, is “political”, intended to ensure the food autonomy of the city-state, whatever the price.

– In Japan, it has developed on repackaging of old electronic plants in vegetable factories, but this model is also very expensive.

– China, for its part has launched urban farms on old soils polluted by heavy metals, it would be too expensive to clean up.

– As for the American model, it is in transition, between the vertical farms of aquapony (system mixing plant culture and fish farming) in New York or Chicago, which are struggling to be profitable, and California overheated, “who risk to be a desert in 15 or 20 years “.

Urban agriculture will fail to feed the cities, and will not be profitable “until the price of vegetables has been multiplied by four” to cover energy costs, Mr. Christol asserts.

– … or strawberries in containers in Paris –

For Guillaume Fourdinier, one of the two founders of the Agricool startup in Paris and Dubai, who produces strawberries all year round in connected merchant marine containers equipped with LEDs, urban agriculture must first be used to fight against “the ecological disaster of transport”.

“Today, with our containers, we are 120 times more productive per square meter than in the ground,” he says, “and we produce in a decentralized way closer to the consumers”. But, it does not give the cost price of its strawberries, sold slightly cheaper than organic strawberries.

– The sixth model, developed by the city of Paris, around the project “Pariculteur”, a proactive and social model, moves the lines, with more than 10 hectares grown in Paris, which should increase to 30 hectares in 2020.

For Swen Deral, organizer of the 48 hours of urban agriculture in several European cities, the urbaculteurs “who fare financially” are those “who do something other than produce”.

“Either they recycle, or they create services around urban agriculture, educational activities, restaurants, or whatever,” he says.

Given the price of land in the city, “the projects most at risk are those that are only productive,” he adds.

Meanwhile, researchers argue that urban agriculture initiatives, in addition to revitalizing and creating “common”, are also a way to combat the effects of global warming, by lowering the temperatures of an environment too much. mineral, or by fighting flood risks, and by reinventing urban planning.

In an article published in the journal MDPI, “gardening the city: managing sustainability and adapting to climate change through urban agriculture”, François Mancebo, researcher at the University of Reims, believes that it should be listed in town planning policies, provided that from the outset they are based on a more participatory elaboration of these policies, involving the inhabitants.

US crude output reaches new record

US crude oil production reached a new record of 12 million barrels a day, and exports jumped last week, according to figures released Thursday by the US Energy Information Agency (EIA). During the week ended February 15, US production jumped to 12 million barrels a day (bpd), the highest since these figures were compiled in 1983.

Competition with Saudi Arabia and Russia

This production had stabilized in the previous five EIA weekly reports at 11.9 mbd. “This is above all a strong psychological figure,” responded Matt Smith of ClipperData, the United States already arguing for many months the place of the world's leading crude oil producer with Saudi Arabia and Russia .

US exports have reached a new record since these statistics are compiled in 1991, 3.61 mbj against 2.36 mbj the previous week. “This report shows that the US has officially entered the big leagues in terms of exports,” Smith said. Imports of crude, which fell the previous week to their lowest level since 1997 at 6.21 mbd, rebounded to 7.52 mbd.

In terms of trade reserves, crude inventories increased by 3.7 million barrels to 454.5 million, while analysts surveyed by Bloomberg forecast an increase of 3.05 million barrels. barrels. They are up 8.1% from the same time last year and are 6% above the average of the last five years at this time.

Lower gasoline stocks

Gasoline inventories fell by 1.5 million barrels, while analysts expected a more modest decline of 500,000 barrels. They are up 3% from their level of a year ago and are 4% above the average of the past five years. The reserves of distillate products (heating oil and diesel) also declined by 1.5 million barrels, in line with analysts' expectations. They are down 0.2% from a year ago and down 2% from the five-year average.

The WTI crude oil stocks at the Cushing terminal (Oklahoma, South), which were also scrutinized since they serve as a benchmark for oil quotations in New York, rose sharply by 3.4 million barrels to 45 million barrels. Refineries have stabilized, averaging 85.9% of capacity.

Over the past four weeks, the United States consumed an average of 20.6 mbd of refined products, down 0.1% from the same period last year. Demand for gasoline declined 0.4%, while demand for other distilled products advanced 1.4%. The price of a barrel of American oil, which was declining before the publication of the report of the EIA, hesitated on the direction to be taken after the publication of these figures but still released 34 cents to 56.82 dollars around 1700 GMT on the New York Mercantile Exchange (Nymex).

(With AFP)

#Friday for future: Initiative wants to support truants

Should children be allowed to skip school for climate protection? Since then in recent weeks tens of thousands of students nationwide have repeatedly failed on Friday, the lesson to protest for the fight against climate change, it hails especially from conservative circles Criticism: The youth organizations of the CDU in Baden-Württemberg is roughly harsh: “The teachers have to punish school tails consistently.” Or Heidelberg: There, only students who could demonstrate a liberation from the classroom were allowed to demonstrate – the demo was canceled. In North Rhine-Westphalia, a group is now forming that demands that school truancy be at least tolerated.

“Stop discrediting students”

“Parents For Future” is the name of the initiative that supports students who are willing to protest. In an open letter to the state government in Dusseldorf, she appeals to show understanding for the students' climate protest: “They (Prime Minister Laschet and Minister of Education Gebauer, d.Red.) Argue that compulsory education is a regular absence from the classroom, as it is a” Students should demonstrate off-school, and the undersigned reject your criticism – we urge you to stop discrediting the protests of young people with threats or downgrading, “says Parents for future “.

Greta Thunberg: Young climate protector at EU conference -

The name of the action is based on the motto #FridaysForFuture, under which students worldwide demonstrate for climate protection. Model is the 16-year-old Swede Greta Thunberg, who has protested Fridays for about two years and does not go to school that day. “Parents for Future” wants to raise the support on a large scale. According to their own statements, the creators are looking for fellow campaigners for social media campaigns, support for school strikes and volunteers who mediate at school conferences and parent associations. In Cologne and Berlin there are also first regional groups. “We are convinced that the climate protests of the students are absolutely necessary and urgently required in their form”, it continues.

Greta Thunberg continues to rail against politics

If adults do not live up to their duty to protect the planet for the next generations, why should the children be compulsory? This is how climate activist Greta Thunberg explains school truancy. And now it is also heard by influential circles. She recently appeared at the World Economic Forum in Davos and has now called for a double effort to reduce greenhouse gases at an EU event in Brussels. “If we do not, then all our achievements and progress have been in vain”. The politicians would in a failure “as the greatest villains of all time to be remembered.”

Vatican summit on abuse: Dutch victim looks back

Today, a special summit in Rome begins on the sexual abuse of children within the Catholic Church. The problem is global. In the Netherlands too, it occurred much in the last century. For example, the Deetman Commission concluded in 2011 that approximately 800 clergy people abused between 10,000 and 20,000 children in the post-war Netherlands. The committee talks about “a conservative estimate”.

One of the victims is Michel Vossen. He was abused as a child at a Catholic school in Maastricht. In 2011 he told his story News hour, for a special broadcast around the presentation of the Deetman report. He explicitly granted permission to re-exhibit the images below.

Look below at the story of Michel Vossen, as he told it in 2011 to Nieuwsuur.

Lawyer: the fundamental rights of Charly T. have been violated

The lawyers of the Dutch Charly T. (17) believe that the basic rights of the teenager in Spain are not well protected. “It is an incomprehensible decision of the Spanish judge not to suspend T.'s detention so that he can await his trial in the Netherlands,” says one of his lawyers, Rachel Imamkhan.

The 17-year-old student has been in custody for six months on suspicion of assaulting two British girls of 12 and 14. According to the lawyers, T.'s rights have been violated because there are no proper interpreters during investigations and when filing the indictment. been.

Also during the interrogation questions were incorrectly translated from Spanish into English. T. was not assisted by a lawyer during the first weeks of his judgment. Nor, according to his lawyers, has he been reminded of his right to remain silent.

Imamkhan was the only Dutch lawyer to visit T.. She knows from experience, previously she was Romano van der Dussen, that you can be condemned in Spain on the basis of only statements without additional evidence.

Imamkhan wants the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to go further into the matter. She believes that a confidentiality investigation must be done. But Foreign Affairs says that the process still has to take place, and that a confidential lawyer therefore has no added value compared to what the lawyers already do.

Near

The other lawyer of T., Robert Malewicz, thinks that T. should be brought to the Netherlands. “He can be held under strict conditions to be determined by Spain, but then he is close to his family.”

Sensors, cameras and microphones in a reserve in Brazil

It is a picturesque place, invaded by the waters of the Solimões River and the Japurá River. Standing on stilts, small houses escape the flood that extends from late December to mid-July. To avoid wetting their legs, small monkeys move from one branch to another in the varzeaThis seasonally flooded forest includes the Mamirauá Reserve in northwestern Brazil, created by primatologist Marcio Ayres. “The species that live here have had to adapt and live in the trees for a large part of the year”says Michel André, director of the Laboratory of Bioacoustic Applications (LAB) at the Polytechnic University of Catalonia, Barcelona (Spain) and president of The Sense of Silence Foundation. This French biologist and engineer is involved in the Providence project, a unique nature monitoring initiative in the world, tested since March 2018 in the Mamirauá reserve. The objective is simple, in appearance: to watch live the evolution of life in the Amazonian ecosystem thanks to advanced technologies.

Piloted by the Mamirauá Institute for Sustainable Development, some forty researchers from Brazilian, Australian and Spanish institutions have already attached ten modules to the trees housing cameras and microphones. Each module includes a video and audio device that identifies in real time the species captured, and transmits the information to a server. All, autonomously since powered by solar energy. Infrared allows night vision and acoustic receivers pick up frequencies that are inaudible to the human ear. Some, placed in the bottom of the rivers, record the aquatic activity.

By reconstructing the visual and acoustic landscape of the reserve, researchers want to understand the functioning of ecosystems and interactions between species. Data are needed to judge the ecological status of the forest and measure the impact of human activities in the Amazon, whose equilibrium is threatened by the progression of cattle farming, the monoculture of commercial species such as soya the construction of hydroelectric power stations and roads. A study of Duke University (USA) published in 2014 in the journal Science establishes that human activities have multiplied by thousand the rate of extinction of species! “Until now, our monitoring tools did not allow us to be alerted in time to try to curb this decline. We must especially identify and follow the populations to understand why and how they disappear, in order to put in place measures of protection and prevention “says Emiliano Esterci Ramalho, technical and scientific director of the Mamirauá Institute for Sustainable Development.

Data freely available on the Internet

Under a dense canopy that reaches up to 50 meters high, much of the life of the Amazon remains invisible to surveillance satellites, and methods to census animals are laborious and imprecise. This is the case line transect, which consists in arbitrarily tracing paths in the forest and traversing them, by accounting for the species observed directly or indirectly (imprints, excrement, cries, etc.). The technology implemented by the Providence project also makes motion detection cameras obsolete, whose memory cards must be regularly collected and the batteries changed. Data is transmitted live and accumulators store the energy of the voltaic panels. “In normal operation, they offer a half-day autonomy and should only be replaced every 12 to 24 monthssays Paulo V. K. Borges, head of the robotic perception research team at CSIRO, the federal agency for scientific and industrial research in Australia. To save energy, the transmission system can be put on standby, only triggered when the software identifies a species and then sent the data to the central communications antenna. ” Data that will eventually be made freely available to everyone on the Internet. For now, the project site (see to learn more) only gives a recording overview on which we can see a big-bellied sapbana monkey (Sapajus macrocephalus) carry his baby on his back. “We are in the testing phasesays Emiliano Esterci Ramalho. In the future, each user will be able to click on one of the modules of their choice to listen and see in real time what is happening in the place they cover. It's essential to sensitize people. “

The Providence project also aims to draw up an inventory of Amazonian life, with the discovery more than likely of new species. In a report published in 2017 by the Mamirauá Institute and the WWF, the researchers listed 381 new species of plants and animals identified between January 2014 and December 2015. The list includes 216 plants, 93 fish, 32 amphibians, 19 reptiles , a bird and 20 mammals including two fossils. “It gives an idea of ​​what we can still discover! Emiliano Esterci Ramalho enthuses. When the software fails to identify a species, it will mean that it does not appear in any database and it will then be necessary to organize an expedition to find it. “

One thousand modules throughout the Amazon by 2025

The Gordon and Betty Moore American Foundation, names of the founder of the computer company Intel and his wife, financed the initial two stages of the project for approximately 1.3 million euros. After the installation of the first ten sensors, the researchers start the second phase: complete the device. “We will then add 20 modules in June and will position 200 within two and a half years, so that the Mamirauá reserve is the first on the planet to be fully monitored, explains Michel André. We will also extend our work this summer to the Amazon reserve of Xingú and the Bolivian Andes with ten modules each time. The Andes are indeed one of the regions in the world with the greatest biodiversity. But it is deteriorating very quickly and this technology will help to understand why. “

Because there is precisely the purpose of the project: researchers want to install a thousand modules across the Amazon by 2025 and export to other ecosystems on the planet so that they can be monitored in turn and protected. The only guarantee for them of setting up effective conservation policies. “By becoming live witnesses of the human impact on the distribution of species, we will then be able to make relevant decisions to act quickly by creating protection and conservation policies”says Emiliano Esterci Ramalho, who does not hide his concern. “We expect the new Brazilian president [Jair Bolsonaro] opens the Amazon to industrialization. “ Will cameras and sensors be enough to preserve wildlife?

Lola Parra Craviotto

It is a picturesque place, invaded by the waters of the Solimões River and the Japurá River. Standing on stilts, small houses escape the flood that extends from late December to mid-July. To avoid wetting their legs, small monkeys move from one branch to another in the varzeaThis seasonally flooded forest includes the Mamirauá Reserve in northwestern Brazil, created by primatologist Marcio Ayres. “The species that live here have had to adapt and live in the trees for a large part of the year”says Michel André, director of the Laboratory of Bioacoustic Applications (LAB) at the Polytechnic University of Catalonia, Barcelona (Spain) and president of The Sense of Silence Foundation. This French biologist and engineer is involved in the Providence project, a unique nature monitoring initiative in the world, tested since March 2018 in the Mamirauá reserve. The objective is simple, in appearance: to watch live the evolution of life in the Amazonian ecosystem thanks to advanced technologies.

Piloted by the Mamirauá Institute for Sustainable Development, some forty researchers from Brazilian, Australian and Spanish institutions have already attached ten modules to the trees housing cameras and microphones. Each module includes a video and audio device that identifies in real time the species captured, and transmits the information to a server. All, autonomously since powered by solar energy. Infrared allows night vision and acoustic receivers pick up frequencies that are inaudible to the human ear. Some, placed in the bottom of the rivers, record the aquatic activity.

By reconstructing the visual and acoustic landscape of the reserve, researchers want to understand the functioning of ecosystems and interactions between species. Data are needed to judge the ecological status of the forest and measure the impact of human activities in the Amazon, whose equilibrium is threatened by the progression of cattle farming, the monoculture of commercial species such as soya the construction of hydroelectric power stations and roads. A study of Duke University (USA) published in 2014 in the journal Science establishes that human activities have multiplied by thousand the rate of extinction of species! “Until now, our monitoring tools did not allow us to be alerted in time to try to curb this decline. We must especially identify and follow the populations to understand why and how they disappear, in order to put in place measures of protection and prevention “says Emiliano Esterci Ramalho, technical and scientific director of the Mamirauá Institute for Sustainable Development.

Bernie Sanders new candidate for the US election

Independent senator Bernie Sanders, an unfortunate 2016 primary candidate against Hillary Clinton, announced on Tuesday to run for the Democratic nomination for the US presidential election in 2020 and attacked Donald Trump with force.

Bernie Sanders, 77, is one of the favorites among the dozen candidates who have already started the Democratic race to dislodge Donald Trump from the White House.

The Brooklyn native, whose ideas are clearly marked on the left, who assumes the “socialist” label, fiercely attacked the American president by announcing his candidacy.

Donald Trump is a “pathological liar,” fired this slayer of Wall Street.

“He is a racist, a sexist, a homophobe, a xenophobe, someone who grabs cheap political gains by trying to attack minorities, often undocumented immigrants,” Bernie Sanders said. an interview with a radio station in Vermont, a state in the north-east of the country of which he is elected.

“We need a president who understands that climate change is real, is an existential threat to our country and our planet,” Sanders said in a video announcing his candidacy. A frontal attack on the Republican president, climate-skeptical, who removed the United States from the Paris climate agreement.

On this video of ten minutes, very formal, Bernie Sanders, face camera, insists:

“Our campaign is not just about beating Donald Trump, the most dangerous president in American modern history,” he promises. And the septuagenarian to call to transform the “country and create a government based on the principles of economic, social, racial and environmental justice”.

– “We will win” –

“We are going to win,” the former mayor of Burlington, Vermont, told CBS in an interview broadcast on Tuesday.

When he first ran for the Democratic primary in 2016, Bernie Sanders was an outsider, before holding on to Hillary Clinton. The latter had finally won, before being beaten by Donald Trump.

The campaign of Bernie Sanders had aroused a great enthusiasm, especially among young people, with ideas, seen at the time as radical but now defended by other Democrats, as the youngest of the Congress Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, former the 2016 Sanders campaign and many of the current primary candidates.

Universal health coverage, free public university and minimum wage at 15 dollars (13.3 euros), Bernie Sanders assures, many of his ideas put forward in 2016 are now “very very popular”.

Trump's response to Sanders' candidacy was quick.

“Bernie Sanders has already won the debate in the Democratic primary because each candidate adopts his model of socialism,” which the Americans “will reject,” wrote in an e-mail Kayleigh McEnany, spokesman for the Trump 2020 campaign.

“Only President Trump will keep America free, prosperous and secure.”

But the race is long and winding towards the 1,600 Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington. And the American political landscape has been deeply upset with a record number of women elected to Congress last November and an already very long list of Democrat-backed White House contenders.

The popularity of the progressive ideas of this “socialist democrat” calling for the renewal of elites may run up against his profile, a white septuagenarian, already candidate in 2016.

Some #MeToo activists had even condemned her candidacy in advance, after some of her 2016 campaign employees reported being sexually harassed by older colleagues.

Bernie Sanders apologized publicly in early January, but said he was unaware of the facts at the time.

The rebellious white-haired man, who remains popular among Democrats, was elected to the House of Representatives from 1990 to 2006, before becoming a senator. He was comfortably re-elected last November.

The candidacy of another heavyweight, Joe Biden, former vice president of Barack Obama, is also expected.

(With AFP)