The downside of open borders: from extremely fast aging to brexit voice

When the Eastern European countries joined the European Union, the benefits seemed endless: everyone would benefit from the free movement of goods and people. But there is also another side, which European correspondent Saskia Dekkers explains in the series 'The other side of open borders'.

View the three parts below:

Part 1: Latvia

Joining the EU in 2004 gave Letten the freedom to work wherever they wanted. The economic crisis that hit the Baltic state hard from 2008 gave them a reason to leave.

Latvia is now one of the fastest shrinking countries in Europe. In the early 90s there were 2.6 million inhabitants, now only 1.9 million are left. The country is aging so much that many schools have to be converted into old people's homes.

Part 2: Poland

From 2004, when their country became a member of the European Union, Poland left en masse for richer Western Europe. That had economic consequences for Poland, but it also changes the political climate in the country.

The Polish government has been pursuing a conservative policy for years and receives warm support from the Roman Catholic Church. For progressive Poles a reason to (want to) leave their country, for others a reason to return.

Part 3: the United Kingdom

In 2004, immediately after their accession to the European Union, then Prime Minister Tony Blair gave all Central and Eastern European citizens access to the British labor market. Some 1 million Poles now live in Great Britain.

According to two British professors, immigration was the decisive factor for the British to vote in 2016 for a departure from the European Union. “Every analysis shows that people voted with immigration in mind.”

Sports supplements with hard drugs for sale via Instagram and webshops

Despite a ban, sports supplements with the banned substance DMAA, a substance similar to amphetamine, can be bought online online. For example in web shops and via Dutch sports influencers on Instagram, according to research by NOS on 3 and master students from the University of Amsterdam.

The range consists of different powders that you can use for sports to get extra energy. The majority of this is legal, but on Instagram and in foreign web shops these pre-workout shakes are also for sale with banned resources.

NOS on 3 went into the world of pre-workout shakes and searched out what's in those powders.

Hanging on the weights is popular. But dragging yourself to the gym after a long day at work is sometimes a challenge. For an extra boost you can go for a banana or a cup of coffee, but there are also powders that give a boost: pre-workout shakes.

This type of means is increasingly being sold, according to figures from market researcher Euromonitor. Especially young athletes regularly take a portion for training. “It gives me an extra boost if, for example, I have a day when I do not feel like going to the gym”, says Frederik Tiquet.

Most of these powders are relatively harmless. Even though doctors warn of high doses. There is a lot of caffeine in addition to other 'stimulating' drugs such as citrulline and beta-alanine; substances that have not been scientifically proven to actually work.

“But there are often very different substances in powder mixtures,” says Bastiaan Venhuis of the RIVM. He researches pots with sports supplements. “We come across everything, sometimes the amounts of the active substances on the labels are not correct, or there is something else in it than there is on the label, sometimes even the prohibited substance DMAA.”

Medications written down

DMAA was banned in 2012 after deaths were linked to sports abroad. No long-term studies have been performed on the side effects of DMAA, but as a precaution it is then prohibited.

The substance resembles amphetamine (speed). “It is actually a written off drug from the 1930s,” explains Venhuis. “It was used against a stuffy nose, but got out of favor because it had side effects and better drugs came on the market.”

A high dose of DMAA can lead to side effects such as palpitations, insomnia and anxiety attacks. The RIVM is concerned about the different substances that are present in the powders. “It is a sort of cat-and-mouse game where the creators always look for a different substance, when one is forbidden.”

DRC: Virunga National Park reopened to tourists

Virunga National Park (PNVI), the oldest in Africa, is once again open to tourists in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo after more than nine months of closure imposed by several deadly incidents and at the end of an audit of security measures, AFP learned Saturday from its management.

“It is from yesterday (Friday) that tourism is reopened to the public” in the Virunga National Park, told AFP its director, the Belgian Emmanuel De Mérode.

“The security of Virunga National Park has been audited by an internationally respected organization and reports have indicated that all security indicators are good,” he added.

“We are satisfied with this reopening because it is a strong signal that peace and security are guaranteed”, in the PNVI, welcomed Olivier Kamusinzi, North Kivu Provincial Minister for the Environment. (is).

“At first, two sites are open, that of the Nyiragongo volcano and the Kibumba mountain gorilla site,” Kamusinzi said, adding that “two groups of tourists are already on the Nyiragongo site.”

Activities in the PNVI had been suspended since 11 May 2018, after the death of a ranger and the kidnapping of three people including two British tourists, released two days later.

Between April 9 and May 21, 2018, two soldiers, a civilian, five guards and a driver had been killed in the park in attacks by unidentified gunmen.

The PNVI has registered 176 people killed in 20 years, according to a report of June 2018. In 2014, its director Emmanuel de Mérode, had survived an attack.

Located on the border with Rwanda and Uganda, Virunga covers 7,800 km2 in the province of North Kivu, stronghold of several militias and armed groups.

From the shores of Lake Kivu to the Nyiragongo volcano, just outside Goma, to the Rwenzori Mountains on the border with Uganda to the north, Africa's oldest biodiversity-rich natural park serves as a refuge for endangered species. like the mountain gorilla.

Trump comes to brag his wall on the Mexican border

This first meeting “Make America Great Again” of 2019, scheduled for 19 hours is fraught with stakes for the US president who demands the release of $ 5 billion for the construction of the controversial building.

Last week, in his annual speech before the Congress, the tenant of the White House cited the city as an example, with an argument that has not, far from it, pleased all its inhabitants. “She had an extremely high rate of violent crime and was considered one of the most dangerous cities in the country,” he said. “Since a powerful barrier has been put in place, El Paso has become one of the safest cities in the country.” Presidential conclusion? “The walls work, the walls save lives”. Except that the description of El Paso does not stand up to the analysis of facts and figures.

Two hours earlier, a few hundred yards away, Beto O'Rourke, who may well be one of the central players in the Democratic primaries, will be taking part in a “Walk for the Truth.” “We will face the lies and to hatred with the truth and a vision for the future “, said in a video with his daughter Molly, this forty-somethings sometimes compared to Barack Obama.” Everyone is welcome, “added the one who promised to decide on its presidential ambitions by the end of February.

The wall of all tensions

The construction of a barrier took place on site in 2008/2009. Over the past 30 years, the peak of crime has been in the mid-1990s, with violent crime decreasing by about one-third between 1993 and 2006. “El Paso is one of the safest communities in the world. United States, and this since long before the wall is built, “said the elected Democrat Veronica Escobar, who believes that the US president must apologize to the people. “This misinformation is doing damage,” she added.

At four days of a possible new “shutdown”, the two gatherings will be scrutinized with attention. In Congress, where the Democrats refuse to release funds for a wall they deem ineffective and “immoral”, negotiations are deadlocked.

After 35 days of deadlock, a record in US history, Donald Trump finally gave in late January, signing a budget law to pay the salaries of some 800,000 federal employees. But the respite was only temporary, and the new deadline, set for February 15, is already there.

For several weeks, the White House has been waving the threat of recourse to an exceptional emergency procedure to release the necessary funds without going through the Congress. A 1976 law, the National Emergencies Act, authorizes the President of the United States to invoke a national “urgency” to activate extraordinary powers. Aware that such an initiative, which is not unanimous in his camp, would not fail to trigger a fierce political-judicial battle, Donald Trump has so far kept himself from taking the plunge. But the situation could change in the coming days.

(With AFP)

When it comes to the protection of the Constitution: AfD offspring sends out journalists

The young AfD organization Junge Alternative (JA) has partially excluded the press at its federal congress in Magdeburg.

Journalists had to leave the room on Saturday for a debate on the protection of the Constitution. The discussion is about sensitive data, argued one of the 120 or so JA members present. After the agenda item, the press should be allowed again.

In January, the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution had announced that it would take a closer look at the AfD youth development organization as well as the AfD's right-wing national wing. It declared both groups suspected. This is always the case when, in the opinion of the constitutionalists, “sufficiently important clues” exist for “that this is an extremist effort”.

At the beginning of the Federal Congress, the AFD Bundestag member and country chief in Saxony-Anhalt, Martin Reichardt, before the JA. He also called her to moderation. Youth organizations are always more rebellious and provocative than the mother party, said Reichardt. It would be good if the boys occasionally drove the elderly in the party. “But be smart and not sticking to those who are more concerned with the booming phrase than programmatic political thinking and political work,” Reichardt said. JA wanted to elect a new board at the federal congress and discuss a change of the statutes.

'The Vatican is one of the largest homosexual communities in the world'

A majority of cardinals and many bishops and other church leaders are homosexual. This is the conclusion of sociologist Frédéric Martel, who immersed himself four years in the world of the Vatican. According to an initiate whom Martel spoke, the Vatican would even be about 80 percent of the clergy.

It is not Martel, who himself also falls on men, not to blame people who do not want to come out of the closet. He does want to expose a system: according to him, the Catholic Church has a hidden face that is based on a double life: from the outside radically homophobic, in reality homosexual. “I do not want individual people outenI want the Vatican outensays Martel News hour.

Hide the nature

He emphasizes that homosexuality is not the problem. The situation is complex. “What you want most as a homosexual cleric is to hide your nature, to show everyone you're not gay, so you're more homophobic than others.”

And that, according to Martel, worsens other issues, such as the AIDS problem. Martel explains: “As a clergyman you want to show that you are more celibate than others, so you become extremely strong and rigid in propagating a sexual moral, which is why you are also against condoms, because they represent sex with a partner who not fixed. “

Martel's bulky book Sodoma of 670 pages appears Monday in the Netherlands and other countries. He did research in more than 30 countries and spoke 1500 people, inside and outside the Vatican, including 41 cardinals, 52 bishops, 45 nuns and more than 200 priests and seminarians.

'After a scoop your whole skin will tingle, you get a pump'

Taking a scoopie, or a scoop of pre-workout powder, is nothing strange for fanatical gym visitors. This kind of means is becoming increasingly popular according to market researcher Euromonitor, especially among young athletes.

This morning we wrote about illegal substances that are available online, but also with some legal powders RIVM questions.

“Such a pre-workout supplement gives you a kick under your ass when you really do not feel like going to the gym”, says sportsman Nino van Ipenburg. “Friends of mine recommended me a powder a few years ago when I started to play sports more fanatically.”

Nino also used the illegal powders that DMAA contained. He ended up in the hospital with a heartbeat that you say to you. In the video below NOS shows up 3 in the world of sports supplements.

Shy start of youth mobilization for climate in Paris

More than 200 young people demonstrated Friday in Paris against the “climate inaction” of the government, a first shy mobilization compared to thousands of students marching in Belgium or the United Kingdom.

At the call of Swedish teenager Greta Thunberg and her “Fridays for future” movement, schoolchildren and students take to the streets once a week in many cities around the world.

But the movement had not yet won France. Friday, at the call of a group of students from Ile-de-France, dozens of young people carrying placards “Save a panda, tax a banker” or “less rich, more hives” sat in front of the Ministry of Ecological Transition, blocking the circulation, noted an AFP journalist.

“The idea is to give lessons to the government: give it a clear claim a week, give it a week to put it in place and if it does not, there will be a symbolic punishment. can take the form of civil disobedience, for example blocks, “says Basil Fighiera, 21, a student in International Affairs and Sustainable Development.

“We want to put pressure on decision makers to make drastic decisions and not small steps,” he continues. And if he recognizes that the mobilization in France “begins slowly”, he hopes that the global strike of March 15 “will be a firework”.

“It's still a bit shy but I hope it will grow,” says Mathide Nutarelli, 21, a student at Paris-Dauphine.

Young French have relayed this week the call for a “global strike for the future” on March 15, also launched by Greta Thunberg, 16, who every Friday for months dry the courts to protest in front of the Swedish parliament.

“This is the world we live in, we are as legitimate as others to express ourselves,” said Elise, 17, a Parisian high school student, a green band and flowers in her hair. “We claim to have a voice in the ecological transition, it can not wait.”

Secretary of State for Environmental Transition Brune Poirson came out to meet the young people gathered in front of her ministry. “Behind these doors, unlike maybe some people may think, you do not have opponents but allies,” she said.

Minister François de Rugy had welcomed the announcement of this mobilization, wishing that the younger generations “begin to convince their parents”.

Demonstration of young people in front of the Ministry of Ecological Transition in Paris, February 15, 2019 (AFP - JACQUES DEMARTHON)

Demonstration of young people in front of the Ministry of Ecological Transition in Paris, February 15, 2019 (AFP – JACQUES DEMARTHON)