Trump walks into North Korea with Kim Jong Un

Donald Trump once again wrote a page of history Sunday with North Korea becoming the first president of the United States to tread the soil of this country, during a meeting with Kim Jong A meeting that allowed to reboot the discussions on the Pyongyang nuclear program.

A little over a year after their first Singapore summit, the two men found themselves, for the third time, in an emblematic setting: the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) that separates the two Koreas since the end of the war (1950 -53), which saw China and the United States also face each other.

Accompanied by the strong man of Pyongyang wearing his traditional suit Mao anthracite, the American billionaire has crossed the concrete line that materializes the border, and walked briefly in North Korean territory before turning around.

The two men then posed for the photographers behind the demarcation line of the village of Panmunjom, where the 1953 armistice was signed.

“It's a great day for the world,” said Donald Trump, saying “proud to have crossed this line”. For his part, Kim Jong Un hoped to “overcome the obstacles” thanks to his “wonderful” ties with Mr. Trump.

“The fact that the two countries, despite a long relationship of hostility, could have shaken hands for peace in the place that symbolizes division … shows that the present is better than the past. “, observed Kim Jong Un.

The number one North Korean had crossed the border last year at its first summit on the DMZ with his South Korean counterpart.

Resumption of negotiations

After an interview of about 45 minutes on the South side, Mr. Trump then escorted Kim Jong Un to his country, this time with South Korean President Moon Jae-in.

Speaking to reporters, Donald Trump announced that he had invited Kim to visit the United States, but did not specify a date. “It will happen one day or another,” he simply remarked.

In the shorter term, the billionaire announced that negotiators from both countries would resume their talks “within two to three weeks” about the Pyongyang nuclear program.

After the euphoria of Singapore, the rapprochement between the two countries seemed to be in the rut in recent months, especially after the failure of the second summit held in Hanoi last February.

The issue of the denuclearization of North Korea continues to block the process of détente. The Trump administration demands that Pyongyang permanently give up its nuclear program before considering lifting international sanctions, which the North refuses.

The Panmunjom meeting will probably not be enough to solve the delicate North Korean nuclear issue, analysts say. But the symbol is important for two countries that were threatening each other with annihilation a year and a half ago.

“No theater”

The meeting has “the potential to restart negotiations,” observes David Kim, an analyst at the Stimson Center, a Washington think tank, noting that new discussions in preparation will be “crucial.”

“What is needed is content, not theater.”

With the exception of George Bush Sr., all US Presidents paid a symbolic visit to the DMZ. Donald Trump should have sacrificed tradition during his first visit to South Korea in 2017, but the fog had prevented his helicopter from landing.

Before arriving Saturday in South Korea, Donald Trump had sent via Twitter a surprise invitation to Kim Jong Un to come and say “hello”. But just a few hours before the scheduled meeting time, it was still unclear whether Mr. Kim would go to the meeting or not.

“It will be very short, but it does not matter, a handshake means a lot,” the American billionaire said.

(With AFP)

“Constructive” talks: Red-Green-Red in Bremen on the home straight

After two and a half weeks, the negotiations of SPD, Greens and left on a coalition government in Bremen on the home stretch. The draft text for the coalition agreement was re-edited on Sunday.

“The talks are good and constructive,” said SPD country chief Sascha Karolin Aulepp. The contract will be presented this Monday. After that, there are still three party congresses as well as a membership decision on the left. Until the treaty has “legal force”, it should last until the 22nd of July. Then the result of the membership decision should be available.

It would be the first red-green-red coalition in a West German state. In Bremen, the three parties have reportedly also agreed on the issue of finance. Now it's all about the distribution of departments. For this Aulepp kept covered on Sunday. So far, the state government of Bremen has eight senators including the president and mayor. An increase in the Cabinet to nine members is under discussion. For this, the law on the number of members of the Senate would have to be amended accordingly. At the latest on Monday evening after the national board meetings of the parties also names should be known.

The SPD had lost the election on May 26 and retracted the worst result in over 70 years. Nevertheless, the previous mayor Carsten Sieling (SPD) had underlined the mission to form a government. From the point of view of the SPD state executive board, Sieling should also be able to implement the negotiated results later, in other words: remain responsible. So it had declared the party leadership, at least before the start of the negotiations. Former SPD chief of state Dieter Reinken was one of the few who clearly demanded a withdrawal of Sieling after the election.

This week there are still a number of appointments: On Thursday, the left want to decide on a party convention on the coalition agreement. As the only party, the left polls its about 620 members in the state association directly. The decision is binding. On Saturday, the SPD and Greens put the contract to vote at party conferences. Already on Wednesday, the citizens will meet for their constituent meeting, and for the first time with the AFD in fractional strength (five MPs).

Can Facebook be fixed? “We are still making mistakes”

The number of users in Europe is falling due to the privacy scandals. But Facebook is growing in total, by around 8 percent last year. Vaidhyanathan: “If someone leaves Facebook in the Netherlands, fifty will be added in Brazil. With this growth, Facebook will have 2.5 billion users next year.”

Moreover, Instagram and WhatsApp are also growing. Facebook will integrate Messenger and the messaging service from Instagram with WhatsApp. Facebook promised not to do that with the acquisition of WhatsApp, and was already fined by the European Commission for breaking that promise.

Facebook has just announced its own payment unit: the libra. This allows users to make payments from affiliated partners such as Uber and Amazon from next year. The Bank for International Payments warns that the libra can lead to 'misuse of user data' and possibly 'threaten financial stability'.

“Of course I understand that people have doubts about our reliability. That is why the libra is housed in a separate company,” says Clegg. “We will not and cannot be in charge.”

Split up?

Facebook's co-founder, Chris Hughes, recently called in The New York Times to split up Facebook. But according to Clegg, this does not solve privacy, democracy and hate message issues. “That is not a pragmatic solution.”

Vaidhyanathan also does not expect this to be a realistic option: “It is more likely that we will see an even bigger, more powerful, more integrated Facebook in the coming years. Facebook wants to become the operating system of our lives. And they are well on their way.”

Only another business model, in which Facebook does not earn user data, can turn the tide. But Clegg sees nothing in that. “The market vendor in Bangladesh and the shepherd in Australia now have just as much opportunity to use our means of communication as a wealthy banker in The Hague. And that is what makes Facebook's business model so special.”

What does the heat do with the Orange women (and with us)?

The heat means that your heart has to work much harder, explains heat researcher Boris Kingsma of TNO. “That is because your body, with your heart as a motor and your head as a captain, reacts to heat. It pumps more blood to the skin so that it can cool down.”

An example: the heart of an adult pumps 5 liters of blood per minute without making any effort. In addition to heat, another 4 to 5 liters of blood per minute goes to the skin. A doubling so. No wonder heat makes lazy; the heart is hard at work for you. That costs energy. And athletes also need extra blood to the muscles.

Sweating efficiently

The only way your body can lose heat – especially when you are standing in the sun like women – is by evaporating water. So what does your skin do to cool down? To sweat. Sweat evaporates and cools the skin and therefore the blood that flows through the skin. Cooled blood flows back to the core and then cools it down. A smart circular cooling system from Mother Nature.

There are two ways to sweat, says Kingma. “You can sweat efficiently: all the water you sweat out then evaporates. That way your skin cools itself.” You can also sweat inefficiently: “The latter means that your body loses moisture – which is very expensive in heat – but not the heat. Then the water will drip off.” Your body then retains heat and does not cool itself enough. “Then it is literally hot for you,” says the heat researcher.

Nicolas Hulot calls for unity in the “war” for the climate

Former Minister of the Ecological Transition, Nicolas Hulot, called for unity across political divides to face the “war” against climate change, in an interview to appear in Sunday Ouest-France.

“It is urgent to face the climate, ecological reality rather than always turn our backs on it.We must absolutely gather, beyond all our political and religious barriers to change our way of life. is able to unite on the essential and we are at war! “, estimates Mr. Hulot in the newspaper.

“This economic model is obsolete, we are on the edge of the abyss,” said the former minister. “When Our Lady burns, the flames are visible, whether we are believers or not, we are all ready to take a bucket to help firefighters.The planet is consumed, but we continue to cultivate our differences, at s 'to support hollow ideologies'.

“We must stop telling people that we have a flu when it is a tumor,” he insists.

Nicolas Hulot, who resigned from the government in September 2018, says he is “ready” to lend his “support to a government that will demonstrate that it really wants to bring ecology into modernity.” “I will not be with him politically, but I will be behind in support of getting people to join in. It's much more important than taking a partisan stance,” he says.

If he says he will not be a candidate for the municipal elections, Mr. Hulot however calls “the mayors of all sides” to “make an effort” to “stop consuming farmland all forms with real estate projects, projects large areas, projects from another era when it is necessary to revitalize the hearts of cities “.

Parallel to this interview, Mr. Hulot goes to war against Ceta, the free trade agreement between the European Union and Canada, in a forum published by the Journal du dimanche.

“Let's say no to the current Ceta to reopen the negotiation,” he pleaded, recalling that “the ratification of Ceta by France will be discussed and voted in the Assembly from July 9”.

“Ratifying Ceta (…) is a choice between two worlds, between two futures”, according to him.

“One would promote the less-than-environmentally, health and social and penalize farmers a little more by exposing them to ever more unfair international competition,” he says. “The other would allow time to build balanced trade relations, which do not forget environmental ambition, social protection or human dignity”.

“In a few months, the future prime minister of Canada could be Andrew Scheer, a conservative who voted against the ratification of the Paris agreement” on climate, argues the former minister.

“What will happen to Ceta, if Canada decides not to meet its climate commitments or to follow Donald Trump by leaving the Paris agreement?” He asks.

Trump invites on Twitter Kim Jong Un to meet him

US President Donald Trump arrived in Seoul on Saturday after proposing, in a simple tweet, Kim Jong Un a meeting in the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) that separates the two Koreas.

This surprise announcement comes four months after the Hanoi summit between the two men, which ended in failure in the absence of progress on the North Korean denuclearization. Negotiations have since stalled.

The Air Force One presidential plane landed on Saturday at Osan Air Force Base south of Seoul, according to an AFP journalist on board, while a possible Trump-Kim meeting was not officially confirmed.

Such a handshake between a US president and a North Korean leader would be a first in this symbolic place, which is probably the most militarized border in the world. This would be their third meeting after the Singapore summits in June 2018 and Hanoi last February.

“While I'm there (in South Korea), and if President Kim sees this message, I could meet him at the border / DMZ just to shake his hand and say hello (?)!”, Wrote on Twitter the US president in Osaka where he participated in the G20 summit.

He then explained that he acted instinctively, saying that no preparation had been made. “I thought about it this morning,” said the US president.

“I would be very comfortable doing it, it would not pose any problem,” he said, questioned about the possibility of taking a step to pass the North side.

“Very interesting”

Trump said Kim followed his Twitter account and “promptly” contacted him following this impromptu proposal.

Judging the proposal “very interesting”, the North Korean government stressed that it had not received an official invitation but hinted that the meeting could take place.

“Basically, it means that Kim will come if he receives an official proposal,” said AFP Cheong Seong-Chang, a researcher at Sejong Private Institute in Seoul.

Asked at a luncheon with South Korean President Moon Jae-in, Donald Trump has not confirmed that the handshake would take place. “We'll see,” he said. “We are working on it”.

Over the past three decades, a brief halt in the highly symbolic DMZ has become almost inevitable for all tenants of the White House. Since Ronald Reagan's visit there in 1983, only George Bush Sr. has not made this trip.

Surprising comparison

But this visit will take place in a different climate: after years of rising tensions due to the nuclear and ballistic programs of Pyongyang, the peninsula has experienced a remarkable relaxation.

And it was in Panmunjom, in the Demilitarized Zone, that Kim Jong Un and South Korean President Moon Jae-in met in April 2018 for a historic handshake on the dividing line dividing the peninsula, which is dotted electrified barriers, minefields and anti-tank walls.

Such an event could “lead to a restart of talks” but we must not wait for “significant progress in the short term in North Korea's efforts to denuclearize,” said Scott Seaman, an analyst at the American think tank Eurasia Group. .

The former businessman took the opportunity to brag again his idea of ​​wall on the border with Mexico to stop illegal immigration to the United States.

“By the way, when we talk about walls, when we talk about borders, this is what we call a border …”, he said, referring to the DMZ. “Nobody passes this border …”, he added, in a surprising comparison.

In November 2017, during a visit to Seoul, Mr. Trump tried unsuccessfully to visit the DMZ. The presidential helicopter took off from the Yongsan base to reach the site, but had to turn back due to weather conditions.

(With AFP)

“Will pass away again”: Merkel assures after dandruff: I'm fine

Chancellor Angela Merkel has said after her two tremor attacks of recent weeks that she is well: “I am convinced, as this reaction has occurred, it will pass again”.

She could understand the question, said Merkel on the sidelines of the G20 summit in front of journalists to the question of whether she could enlighten what is behind the tremor and whether she had consulted because of a doctor. “But I have nothing special to report. But I'm fine. »

The Chancellor had suffered on Thursday shortly before her departure to Japan at a public appearance in Berlin the second violent dithering attack within a few days. During the appointment of Justice Minister Christine Lambrecht (SPD) by Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier she shivered all over. When she moved again, the attack ended.

The “Stuttgarter Zeitung” and the “Stuttgarter Nachrichten” had quoted government circles on Friday, according to which Merkel's renewed tremor had been psychological. It was not a health problem, but a matter of course. “The memory of the incident last week led to the situation today, a psychological process.”

On Tuesday last week Merkel also had tremendously trembled at a reception of the new Ukrainian President Volodymyr Selenskyj. Merkel later explained that she did not drink enough on the hot day.

The broadcast of June 29

Pete Hoeksta argues for Dutch soldiers in Syria

The United States wants the Netherlands to provide military support for the new mission in Syria. The request poses a difficult dilemma for the government, because military missions are extremely sensitive politically.

Pete Hoekstra, the American ambassador to the Netherlands, is a guest in the studio tonight.

Germany shocked by political murder

Germany is shocked by the murder of politician Walter Lübcke. The extreme right-wing main suspect has announced this week. News hour was at the commemoration in Lübcke's hometown Wolfhagen and gauged the mood there.

Predictive algorithms are popping up everywhere, including with the farmer in his stable

Professor De Rijke will continue. “Algorithms are everywhere. Web shops and newspaper sites use them to make recommendations from their online offering. Hospitals use algorithms for planning, TomTom to make maps better and KLM for aircraft maintenance,” says De Rijke.

Precursor

The Netherlands is on average ahead of the implementation of predictive algorithms in Europe, according to a recent survey by Microsoft and consulting firm EY among 277 European companies. EY and Microsoft spoke to nineteen large Dutch companies for their research. They use algorithms for a variety of tasks.

What is striking in the research is that more than half of the companies surveyed are still practicing with predictive algorithms: for example, they have pilot projects. “We set up pilots in the Netherlands quite easily to see if it works within the organization,” explains Microsoft's National Technology Officer Hans Bos, who was involved in the investigation.

And algorithm specialist Frank van Praat from consultancy firm KPMG also sees this. He is involved with artificial intelligence and is often visited by large companies. “There is a dichotomy. On the one hand you have companies that are built on predictive algorithms from the start. Companies like Booking.com, TomTom and Thuisbezorgd. There it is omnipresent. Look at more traditional companies, such as insurers and banks then the use of predictive algorithms is also regularly in the test corner. “

De Rijke adds that the second category is hard at work catching up. “Traditional companies must also become tech companies, otherwise they will no longer exist in a few years.” And they do that too. “Banks, insurers, newspapers. You also clearly have parties that do nothing, but machine learning is everywhere. It is not something of the future, it is already there “, says De Rijke.

Electricity / overseas: support for biomass extended to Martinique

The bagasse premium paid by the government to overseas power plants operating with sugar cane residues will be extended to Martinique and will not be degressive over time, said Friday the Ministry of Transition ecological and supportive.

This measure aims to “boost the valorization of this agricultural by-product, to support the cane-sugar-rum sector and to support the overseas territories in their path towards energy self-sufficiency,” the minister said in a statement. Francois de Rugy and Secretary of State Emmanuelle Wargon.

It is also part of the government's strategy to convert all of the overseas power plants still in use by 2023 to biomass.

François de Rugy has signed an order to that effect that “will be applicable to all overseas industrial facilities that produce electricity from biomass from sugar cane.”

The premium “bagasse”, amounting to 14.5 euros per tonne of cane, was already paid in Guadeloupe or Reunion but Martinique did not benefit, said the ministry to AFP.

The order also removes the coefficient of degressivity of the premium over time, the same source added.

The potential for producing electricity from biomass is very important for the overseas territories, since this energy is not intermittent of other energies such as solar or wind power.

Bagasse (residue of sugar cane) accounted for 8.3% of electricity production in Reunion in 2016 and 3.6% in Guadeloupe in 2017.

The premium will be paid on the basis of the volumes of cane calculated at the end of the year to ensure a fair treatment of territories regardless of sugar campaign dates, the ministry said.