Just as in their previous report, the researchers also mention many positive things about the mosque. AlFitrah is a “vibrant organization” that provides a safe home for young Muslims, contributing positively to their cognitive, moral-religious and psychosocial development and social participation.
The mosque also encourages students to perform well at school and work and to contribute to society, and the organization has a positive effect on identity and resilience.
At the same time, the researchers state that alFitrah promotes feelings of fear, distrust and self-exclusion, is a breeding ground for radicalization in the direction of extremism by stirring up “we-they feelings”. And by “a closed attitude towards dissenters and negativity towards the democratic constitutional state” contributes to inequality and poses risks to the rule of law.
This time the researchers draw a conclusion: the negative influences overshadow the positive ones.
Turn away from unbelieving society
Many 'new' findings were already known during the first investigation. For example, the strict separation between boys and girls. The researchers now give a different interpretation to this. The separation no longer leads to a possible risk, as in the first report, but to “a very limited possibility of labor participation”.
Also a video in which alFitrah founder and imam Suhayb Salam outlines how children should be taught to turn away from unbelieving society was already known, but only in the second report serves as proof that the message of alFitrah goes directly “against democratic principles” .
For example, Nieuwsuur and NRC find various other sermons and lessons from alFitrah with a similar message, which could be found online before 2016. On the alFitrah website there is an overview of textbooks for young people. In one of the textbooks about 'cleansing', written by imam Suhayb Salam himself, it says that Islam does indeed have female circumcision, and that several scholars have come to that judgment. The researchers did not initially consult the teaching material and freely available lessons and lectures.