Jeff Bezos, the founder of Amazon and the richest man in the world, has put the weight of online distribution giant in a campaign to help fulfill 10 years in advance the climate commitments of the agreement from Paris.
“My commitment is to fulfill the objectives of the Paris agreement with 10 years in advance and Amazon is the first on the list”, which must involve other companies, explained Jeff Bezos during a press conference in Washington, presenting this new initiative called “The Climate Pledge”.
“We want to use our influence and size to lead the way,” said Bezos, promising that Amazon would have neutral annual carbon emissions by 2040.
Amazon, which has built its success on a huge road transport logistics network to ensure faster deliveries, is a major producer of greenhouse gases, the main culprits of climate change.
Amazon's server farms, which have made cloud computing another very important source of profit, are also extremely energy hungry.
“If a company with as much physical infrastructure as ours – which delivers more than 10 billion parcels a year – can meet the objectives of the Paris agreement 10 years earlier, then all companies can do it.” said Bezos, noting that other bosses had expressed interest in joining the initiative.
“The big companies that sign The Climate Pledge will send a strong signal to the market to remind them that it's time to invest in the products and services that the signatories will need to meet their commitments,” he added.
The Climate Pledge will require its signatories to take a scientific approach to their greenhouse gas emissions, with regular measurements and reporting. Subscribing companies will also need to implement “decarbonisation” strategies and neutralize residual emissions “with additional, quantifiable, real, permanent and socially beneficial offsets to achieve neutral annual carbon emissions by 2040”. a statement from Amazon.
– Electric vans –
Bezos said his company will order 100,000 electric vans from the American company Rivian, which will be operational by 2021.
According to Amazon's Chief Operating Officer Dave Clark, this is the largest order of electric delivery vehicles ever made.
The entire fleet will be deployed in 2030, according to a spokesman for the group. Mr. Bezos had previously mentioned the date of 2024.
Amazon also pledged Thursday to achieve 80% renewable energy by 2024 and 100% renewable energy by 2030 to achieve carbon neutrality by 2040.
The company has also announced a $ 100 million investment in “restoration and protection of forests, wetlands and peatlands in partnership with The Nature Conservancy”, an American NGO.
“The science is clear: forests, grasslands and healthy wetlands are the most effective tools for dealing with climate change, but we must act now to develop natural climate solutions,” said Sally Jewel, Director Interim NGO, cited in Amazon's press release.
Bezos' announcement comes just days before a special UN climate summit that will gather several heads of state and government in New York on Monday.
At this summit organized by the UN boss Antonio Guterres, the leaders of the planet are called to strengthen their commitments to limit global warming to 1.5 ° C or 2 ° C, compared to the pre-industrial period, in the 19th century.
More than a thousand Bezos employees have announced that they will be demonstrating on Friday as part of an international call to demonstrate for the fight against climate change.
In a 2018 report, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) warned that to contain global warming, CO2 emissions would fall well before 2030 (-45% by 2030) and the world achieve carbon neutrality in 2050.