Eating eggs, chicken or pork meat in Europe greatly aggravates the destruction of forests in Brazil and Argentina, because of the massive importation of GM soy from these countries to feed the animals, denounces Greenpeace France Tuesday.
“In Brazil and Argentina, more than 95% of the soybean produced is genetically modified,” says an environmental NGO report that also shows that the EU imports more than half of the soybeans it uses from these two countries ( 37% of Brazil, 29% of Argentina, 15% of the United States and 19% of the rest of the world).
“The cultivation of soybeans in these two countries leads to ratiboiser their forests, in order to feed animals, especially in Europe,” summarizes AFP the author of the report, Cécile Leuba, campaigning forests campaign for Greenpeace.
In the report titled “bite of meat, Europe feeds the climate crisis by its addiction to soya”, Greenpeace notes that 87% of soya imported in Europe is intended for animal feed.
Of the total EU soybean requirements, three-quarters are for industrial broiler or laying hen (50%), or hog (24%). Dairy cows consume 16% of imported soybeans and suckler cows (meat breeds) 7%.
“What we are denouncing is the double standards of the European Union which, on the one hand, prohibits GMOs and many pesticides, and on the other hand, authorizes the import of GM soybeans grown with banned pesticides in Europe “, says Cécile Leuba.
“And what we want to show Europeans is that in their consumption of meat, eggs or dairy products lies deforestation, because the majority of farm animals have soya in their daily food ration” she added.
So according to a Greenpeace calculation, to obtain 100 g of chicken breast, it takes 109 grams of soy. For the same weight in pork rib, it takes 51 grams.
And, soybean production has “more than quadrupled in Brazil in the last 20 years,” the report adds.
While the Amazon has been “relatively protected from this expansion” thanks to the moratorium negotiated in 2006 between NGOs, companies and Brazilian authorities, soybean cultivation has developed in the savannahs and forests of Cerrado, which “has lost half of its original vegetation “. The Gran Chaco region, which spans Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay, “is also under heavy pressure from agricultural expansion,” the report notes.