Lawyer: the fundamental rights of Charly T. have been violated

The lawyers of the Dutch Charly T. (17) believe that the basic rights of the teenager in Spain are not well protected. “It is an incomprehensible decision of the Spanish judge not to suspend T.'s detention so that he can await his trial in the Netherlands,” says one of his lawyers, Rachel Imamkhan.

The 17-year-old student has been in custody for six months on suspicion of assaulting two British girls of 12 and 14. According to the lawyers, T.'s rights have been violated because there are no proper interpreters during investigations and when filing the indictment. been.

Also during the interrogation questions were incorrectly translated from Spanish into English. T. was not assisted by a lawyer during the first weeks of his judgment. Nor, according to his lawyers, has he been reminded of his right to remain silent.

Imamkhan was the only Dutch lawyer to visit T.. She knows from experience, previously she was Romano van der Dussen, that you can be condemned in Spain on the basis of only statements without additional evidence.

Imamkhan wants the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to go further into the matter. She believes that a confidentiality investigation must be done. But Foreign Affairs says that the process still has to take place, and that a confidential lawyer therefore has no added value compared to what the lawyers already do.

Near

The other lawyer of T., Robert Malewicz, thinks that T. should be brought to the Netherlands. “He can be held under strict conditions to be determined by Spain, but then he is close to his family.”

Sensors, cameras and microphones in a reserve in Brazil

It is a picturesque place, invaded by the waters of the Solimões River and the Japurá River. Standing on stilts, small houses escape the flood that extends from late December to mid-July. To avoid wetting their legs, small monkeys move from one branch to another in the varzeaThis seasonally flooded forest includes the Mamirauá Reserve in northwestern Brazil, created by primatologist Marcio Ayres. “The species that live here have had to adapt and live in the trees for a large part of the year”says Michel André, director of the Laboratory of Bioacoustic Applications (LAB) at the Polytechnic University of Catalonia, Barcelona (Spain) and president of The Sense of Silence Foundation. This French biologist and engineer is involved in the Providence project, a unique nature monitoring initiative in the world, tested since March 2018 in the Mamirauá reserve. The objective is simple, in appearance: to watch live the evolution of life in the Amazonian ecosystem thanks to advanced technologies.

Piloted by the Mamirauá Institute for Sustainable Development, some forty researchers from Brazilian, Australian and Spanish institutions have already attached ten modules to the trees housing cameras and microphones. Each module includes a video and audio device that identifies in real time the species captured, and transmits the information to a server. All, autonomously since powered by solar energy. Infrared allows night vision and acoustic receivers pick up frequencies that are inaudible to the human ear. Some, placed in the bottom of the rivers, record the aquatic activity.

By reconstructing the visual and acoustic landscape of the reserve, researchers want to understand the functioning of ecosystems and interactions between species. Data are needed to judge the ecological status of the forest and measure the impact of human activities in the Amazon, whose equilibrium is threatened by the progression of cattle farming, the monoculture of commercial species such as soya the construction of hydroelectric power stations and roads. A study of Duke University (USA) published in 2014 in the journal Science establishes that human activities have multiplied by thousand the rate of extinction of species! “Until now, our monitoring tools did not allow us to be alerted in time to try to curb this decline. We must especially identify and follow the populations to understand why and how they disappear, in order to put in place measures of protection and prevention “says Emiliano Esterci Ramalho, technical and scientific director of the Mamirauá Institute for Sustainable Development.

Data freely available on the Internet

Under a dense canopy that reaches up to 50 meters high, much of the life of the Amazon remains invisible to surveillance satellites, and methods to census animals are laborious and imprecise. This is the case line transect, which consists in arbitrarily tracing paths in the forest and traversing them, by accounting for the species observed directly or indirectly (imprints, excrement, cries, etc.). The technology implemented by the Providence project also makes motion detection cameras obsolete, whose memory cards must be regularly collected and the batteries changed. Data is transmitted live and accumulators store the energy of the voltaic panels. “In normal operation, they offer a half-day autonomy and should only be replaced every 12 to 24 monthssays Paulo V. K. Borges, head of the robotic perception research team at CSIRO, the federal agency for scientific and industrial research in Australia. To save energy, the transmission system can be put on standby, only triggered when the software identifies a species and then sent the data to the central communications antenna. ” Data that will eventually be made freely available to everyone on the Internet. For now, the project site (see to learn more) only gives a recording overview on which we can see a big-bellied sapbana monkey (Sapajus macrocephalus) carry his baby on his back. “We are in the testing phasesays Emiliano Esterci Ramalho. In the future, each user will be able to click on one of the modules of their choice to listen and see in real time what is happening in the place they cover. It's essential to sensitize people. “

The Providence project also aims to draw up an inventory of Amazonian life, with the discovery more than likely of new species. In a report published in 2017 by the Mamirauá Institute and the WWF, the researchers listed 381 new species of plants and animals identified between January 2014 and December 2015. The list includes 216 plants, 93 fish, 32 amphibians, 19 reptiles , a bird and 20 mammals including two fossils. “It gives an idea of ​​what we can still discover! Emiliano Esterci Ramalho enthuses. When the software fails to identify a species, it will mean that it does not appear in any database and it will then be necessary to organize an expedition to find it. “

One thousand modules throughout the Amazon by 2025

The Gordon and Betty Moore American Foundation, names of the founder of the computer company Intel and his wife, financed the initial two stages of the project for approximately 1.3 million euros. After the installation of the first ten sensors, the researchers start the second phase: complete the device. “We will then add 20 modules in June and will position 200 within two and a half years, so that the Mamirauá reserve is the first on the planet to be fully monitored, explains Michel André. We will also extend our work this summer to the Amazon reserve of Xingú and the Bolivian Andes with ten modules each time. The Andes are indeed one of the regions in the world with the greatest biodiversity. But it is deteriorating very quickly and this technology will help to understand why. “

Because there is precisely the purpose of the project: researchers want to install a thousand modules across the Amazon by 2025 and export to other ecosystems on the planet so that they can be monitored in turn and protected. The only guarantee for them of setting up effective conservation policies. “By becoming live witnesses of the human impact on the distribution of species, we will then be able to make relevant decisions to act quickly by creating protection and conservation policies”says Emiliano Esterci Ramalho, who does not hide his concern. “We expect the new Brazilian president [Jair Bolsonaro] opens the Amazon to industrialization. “ Will cameras and sensors be enough to preserve wildlife?

Lola Parra Craviotto

It is a picturesque place, invaded by the waters of the Solimões River and the Japurá River. Standing on stilts, small houses escape the flood that extends from late December to mid-July. To avoid wetting their legs, small monkeys move from one branch to another in the varzeaThis seasonally flooded forest includes the Mamirauá Reserve in northwestern Brazil, created by primatologist Marcio Ayres. “The species that live here have had to adapt and live in the trees for a large part of the year”says Michel André, director of the Laboratory of Bioacoustic Applications (LAB) at the Polytechnic University of Catalonia, Barcelona (Spain) and president of The Sense of Silence Foundation. This French biologist and engineer is involved in the Providence project, a unique nature monitoring initiative in the world, tested since March 2018 in the Mamirauá reserve. The objective is simple, in appearance: to watch live the evolution of life in the Amazonian ecosystem thanks to advanced technologies.

Piloted by the Mamirauá Institute for Sustainable Development, some forty researchers from Brazilian, Australian and Spanish institutions have already attached ten modules to the trees housing cameras and microphones. Each module includes a video and audio device that identifies in real time the species captured, and transmits the information to a server. All, autonomously since powered by solar energy. Infrared allows night vision and acoustic receivers pick up frequencies that are inaudible to the human ear. Some, placed in the bottom of the rivers, record the aquatic activity.

By reconstructing the visual and acoustic landscape of the reserve, researchers want to understand the functioning of ecosystems and interactions between species. Data are needed to judge the ecological status of the forest and measure the impact of human activities in the Amazon, whose equilibrium is threatened by the progression of cattle farming, the monoculture of commercial species such as soya the construction of hydroelectric power stations and roads. A study of Duke University (USA) published in 2014 in the journal Science establishes that human activities have multiplied by thousand the rate of extinction of species! “Until now, our monitoring tools did not allow us to be alerted in time to try to curb this decline. We must especially identify and follow the populations to understand why and how they disappear, in order to put in place measures of protection and prevention “says Emiliano Esterci Ramalho, technical and scientific director of the Mamirauá Institute for Sustainable Development.

Bernie Sanders new candidate for the US election

Independent senator Bernie Sanders, an unfortunate 2016 primary candidate against Hillary Clinton, announced on Tuesday to run for the Democratic nomination for the US presidential election in 2020 and attacked Donald Trump with force.

Bernie Sanders, 77, is one of the favorites among the dozen candidates who have already started the Democratic race to dislodge Donald Trump from the White House.

The Brooklyn native, whose ideas are clearly marked on the left, who assumes the “socialist” label, fiercely attacked the American president by announcing his candidacy.

Donald Trump is a “pathological liar,” fired this slayer of Wall Street.

“He is a racist, a sexist, a homophobe, a xenophobe, someone who grabs cheap political gains by trying to attack minorities, often undocumented immigrants,” Bernie Sanders said. an interview with a radio station in Vermont, a state in the north-east of the country of which he is elected.

“We need a president who understands that climate change is real, is an existential threat to our country and our planet,” Sanders said in a video announcing his candidacy. A frontal attack on the Republican president, climate-skeptical, who removed the United States from the Paris climate agreement.

On this video of ten minutes, very formal, Bernie Sanders, face camera, insists:

“Our campaign is not just about beating Donald Trump, the most dangerous president in American modern history,” he promises. And the septuagenarian to call to transform the “country and create a government based on the principles of economic, social, racial and environmental justice”.

– “We will win” –

“We are going to win,” the former mayor of Burlington, Vermont, told CBS in an interview broadcast on Tuesday.

When he first ran for the Democratic primary in 2016, Bernie Sanders was an outsider, before holding on to Hillary Clinton. The latter had finally won, before being beaten by Donald Trump.

The campaign of Bernie Sanders had aroused a great enthusiasm, especially among young people, with ideas, seen at the time as radical but now defended by other Democrats, as the youngest of the Congress Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, former the 2016 Sanders campaign and many of the current primary candidates.

Universal health coverage, free public university and minimum wage at 15 dollars (13.3 euros), Bernie Sanders assures, many of his ideas put forward in 2016 are now “very very popular”.

Trump's response to Sanders' candidacy was quick.

“Bernie Sanders has already won the debate in the Democratic primary because each candidate adopts his model of socialism,” which the Americans “will reject,” wrote in an e-mail Kayleigh McEnany, spokesman for the Trump 2020 campaign.

“Only President Trump will keep America free, prosperous and secure.”

But the race is long and winding towards the 1,600 Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington. And the American political landscape has been deeply upset with a record number of women elected to Congress last November and an already very long list of Democrat-backed White House contenders.

The popularity of the progressive ideas of this “socialist democrat” calling for the renewal of elites may run up against his profile, a white septuagenarian, already candidate in 2016.

Some #MeToo activists had even condemned her candidacy in advance, after some of her 2016 campaign employees reported being sexually harassed by older colleagues.

Bernie Sanders apologized publicly in early January, but said he was unaware of the facts at the time.

The rebellious white-haired man, who remains popular among Democrats, was elected to the House of Representatives from 1990 to 2006, before becoming a senator. He was comfortably re-elected last November.

The candidacy of another heavyweight, Joe Biden, former vice president of Barack Obama, is also expected.

(With AFP)

Donald Trump, according to the report, wanted allies for trials against ex-lawyer

The possible interference of Moscow in the US presidential election has been on the judiciary for some time. FBI and various courts are concerned with the Russia affair, there were already first judgments. If it's true what the “New York Times” (NYT) reports, then the US president could face even more legal hardships. According to the newspaper Trump is said to have asked to use a benevolent prosecutor for the investigation of Michel Cohen. Cohen was Trump's longtime lawyer and plasterer, and was sentenced to three years' imprisonment in December as part of the Russia investigation.

Trying to obstruct the judiciary?

Trump's former house and court lawyer had broken up after his arrest with his old ally, unpacked and received a mitigation. If the “NYT” report is correct, then this type of interference in the case could be a form of legal disability, which would be punishable, as legal expert Andrew Napolitano told Fox News. “If you try to interfere in a law-enforcement operation that could knock on your own door by putting your ally in there, it's clearly an attempt to obstruct the judiciary,” says Napolitano. In his view, it could also be added corruption allegations.

Donald Trump uses these five strategies in his favor

Michael Cohen was on trial for perjury and tax evasion in the Southern District of New York. The local prosecutor Geoffrey Berman had given his jurisdiction because he was promoted as campaigner donor Donald Trump of him in the office and was thus prejudiced in the matter. When the election for the successor was due, Trump should have asked his then interim Justice Minister Matthew Whitaker to put an “ally” on the post. The Department of Justice as well as Donald Trump himself rejected the report, according to the “New York iImes”.

Donald Trump in the sights of justice

It is not the first time that the US President has been accused of interference in the judiciary. US special investigator Robert Mueller, who investigates the Russian affair, for example, was only appointed after Trump had dismissed the then FBI boss James Comey, who had until then taken care of the allegations in the room. Most recently, it was announced that the former Deputy Minister of Justice Rod Rosenstein after the Comey dismissal of the possibility of dismissal Trumps on the basis of the 25th Amendment to the US Constitution should have thought. The statement of ex-lawyer Michael Cohen is expected with great excitement before the US Congress in late February.

The 'aso-azc': here the most asocial asylum seekers are taken care of

“Often you are talking about the evenings or the early mornings, the mentors and home supervisors, who are on the front line, they really get everything, so that's tough.”, Says a staff member who talks to us unrecognizably for his safety and protect privacy. “If you experience an incident or calamity and it is so serious then you are strongly advised to talk to a trauma psychologist, to get it out of your system.”

The Central Agency for the Reception of Asylum Seekers (COA) observes that the conditions in the EBTL are heavier than in the normal reception. There are more and more asylum seekers coming in, police involvement is relatively often required and some of the residents are not open to guidance. That recognizes the employee we speak. “In the beginning you notice that in a part of the group that flows in, you have to take that out.

Mohammed (he only wants to lose his first name) has been in an EBTL for a while. He is gay and his friend, also an asylum seeker, caused a lot of inconvenience. They were separated from each other in the EBTLs in Amsterdam and Hoogeveen. “They wanted to order me all the time,” he says. “It was a strict regime, as if we were criminals.”

See below how Mohammed describes the circumstances in the EBTL.

This is how Schiphol grew from grass to international airport

In the early 1970s, the idea was that Schiphol could be built in the North Sea. “Even now I hear that plan sometimes, but nobody has to look for something in the sea and it is far too expensive to make the infrastructure”, according to Dierikx.

The Bulder track

No move. And that is why the six runways of Schiphol are still in the same area. Four of those jobs were already built in the 1960s.

As you can see on the map: it was mainly built in the right wind direction. Because aircraft could only take off against the wind.

In this development no account was taken of noise, says Dierikx. “At the same time, the propellers were being replaced by jet engines, which were necessary because they used less fuel, flew harder and larger aircraft were able to move.”

But they also made more noise. This became clear when the Amsterdam district Buitenveldert was built under the flight route to the Buitenveldertbaan. “Houses are located just below the landing and landing aircraft, which is not called the Bulderbaan for nothing.”

Climate petition: NGOs will file an appeal against the State on 14 March

The four NGOs behind the “The Deal of the Century” petition, not satisfied with the government's response to their “prior petition”, will file their lawsuit against the state for climate inaction on March 14, they announced Tuesday.

“See you in court on March 14 … In the face of the government's wait-and-see attitude, our determination is unchanged: to put an end to the state's inaction on climate change, the case of the century will be settled in court”, they said in an email sent to the 2.1 million signatories and published on the petition website.

The four associations (the Nicolas Hulot Foundation, Greenpeace France, Notre Affaire à Tous and Oxfam France) sent a request on 17 December to the government, accusing the state of “faulty default” by its “failed action” to reduce emissions. of greenhouse gases.

While the state had two months to respond, the Ministry of Ecological Transition had issued Friday a letter accompanied by ten pages of arguments detailing the actions of the state in the fight against climate change.

“France has mobilized to respond to the climate emergency” and “we give ourselves the means” to achieve the goal of carbon neutrality by 2050, wrote François de Rugy, even if “obviously this action will have to be completed, extended and amplified over time “.

This response, which effectively rejected the accusation of inaction, did not satisfy the four NGOs.

“While we called for a jump at the height of the climate emergency, the government simply rejected our request: Friday, February 15, he told us that the state is in no way responsible for the shortcomings we accuse him, “they denounced Tuesday.

They will therefore lodge their appeal before the Paris Administrative Court on 14 March, on the eve of a global call for a youth “climate strike” and two days before a new climate march in France.

In its 10-page memo, the ministry detailed state action on climate change in various areas, from energy production to transportation, agriculture and building insulation.

“These measures are beginning to bear fruit: the emissions of the year 2018 should be again downward, with lower energy consumption,” he says, while they had increased in 2017.

A conclusion challenged by NGOs accusing the government in these pages of “greening its balance sheet”.

“The facts are stubborn!” All experts show that France is on the wrong track. Worse, emissions of greenhouse gases have gone up since 2015 and the carbon footprint of France has not improved since … 1995, “they say.

For their part, they plead for “six major priority measures”, in particular “a socially just tax at the service of the fight against climate change”, actions in favor of the energy renovation of buildings, or the development of renewable energies, cleaner transport and more sustainable agriculture.

USA / China: Trade negotiations resume

By

on 19.02.2019 at 07:56

Chinese Vice Premier Liu He, who is leading trade talks with the United States for China, will visit Washington for a new round of talks on Thursday and Friday, the Chinese Ministry of Commerce said on Tuesday.

China USA

Donald Trump said the United States was closer than ever to getting a “real trade deal” with China.

Hyungwon Kang

In Washington, the White House has confirmed a new round of talks on Tuesday, with high-level talks scheduled for Thursday, involving Mnuchin and Lighthizer and economic advisers Larry Kudlow and Peter Navarro.

The talks will seek to get China “the necessary structural changes” that affect trade between the two countries, she said in a statement, saying that both parties would also “discuss the promises of the China to buy a substantial amount of goods and services in the United States.

Significant progress

The United States and China reported significant progress last week after five days of talks in Beijing, where Steven Mnuchin and Robert Lighthizer also held talks with Chinese President Xi Jinping. Xi Jinping then announced that negotiations would continue this week and his US counterpart Donald Trump said the United States was closer than ever to getting a “real trade deal” with China. In a speech Monday evening in Florida, Donald Trump again stressed that Washington and Beijing “are making a lot of progress.” “Nobody imagined that would happen,” he said.

The US administration threatens to raise tariffs by some 10% to 25% on some $ 200 billion worth of Chinese products imported into the United States if no agreement is reached by March 1 on several of its requirements. Donald Trump has however indicated that he could postpone this deadline.

(With Reuters)

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At Brexit delay: Juncker does not rule out British participation in European elections

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker does not consider it completely unthinkable that the British will again participate in the European elections due to a postponement of Brexit.

He could hardly imagine that and would consider it “a joke of history,” Juncker said in an interview with the Stuttgarter Zeitung. “But I can not rule that out.” At Brexit, “so many schedules have already been thrown overboard”.

Juncker added, “Brexit is like being in court and on the high seas: you're in the hands of God. And it is always uncertain when God gets right. »

Great Britain wants to leave the EU at the end of March, according to the current state of affairs. However, a withdrawal agreement between Prime Minister Theresa May and the other 27 EU member states has met with fierce opposition in the London parliament. In addition to a chaotic break with far-reaching consequences for the economy is therefore currently also a shift of the exit conceivable.

If the Brexit were delayed beyond the summer, the British might have to re-enter the European elections. This will be held from 23 to 26 May 2019. In Germany, the 26th of May is the election date.

In the 'Valentine's letters' of Kaya (20) there were very different stories

“I share them because I am bullied myself,” says Kaya. “So bad that at a certain moment I did not dare to go out for six months and had panic attacks, so I made an appeal to collect as many pest stories as possible, to ask for attention.”

“I would like to say that I did not let the bullies win,” says Kaya. “I think they do it because they themselves are insecure and may have experienced bad things themselves, and I also have a lot to do with peer pressure, I think.”

“I want to tell other victims that they should not give up, they are not worth it, do not let them stop you, because it's always getting better, there's always light at the end of the tunnel.”