In Fos-sur-Mer, a project to recycle industrial fumes in biofuel

Make biofuel from microalgae fed with industrial fumes: this solution to treat pollutants has been tested and validated in the industrial area of ​​Fos-sur-Mer (Bouches-du-Rhone), was learned Tuesday from the Harbor.

The principle of this research project, called Vasco 2, is simple: the CO2-laden fumes (carbon dioxide) from three steel plants of Kem One, Arcelor Mittal and Solamat-Merex were injected directly into microalgae culture ponds. .

“The biomass + part of these crops is then extracted, dehydrated and transformed into a paste that is sent to a specialized branch of the CEA (Commissariat for Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies) before being refined into biofuel. “says Magali Deveze, head of the sustainable development and land development department of the Port of Marseille Fos, who is coordinating the Vasco 2 project.

The director of development of the port Renaud Paubelle announces his wish “to pass to the following stage: that to demonstrate that we can do it at the industrial stage”.

According to Ms. Deveze, the industrialization of the process is all the more feasible that “it combines two advantages: a low cost, with rudimentary installations, and a universal side since it does not require treating upstream fumes or select the algae “.

The industrial port area of ​​Fos-sur-Mer, which covers 10,000 hectares, is one of the largest in Europe. It generates a strong pollution with ozone, so much so that the Regional Agency of Health (ARS) recognized in 2018 that the state of health of the inhabitants of the surroundings was “weakened”.

The Vasco 2 project, coordinated by the port of Marseille Fos, was realized thanks to a technology of the company Coldep, with Ifremer and CEA researchers, Total and several industrialists. The project was supported by the metropolis of Aix-Marseille-Provence.

Vasco 2 is part of the Piicto program (Industrial Platform & Innovation of Caban Tonkin) of the port of Marseille Fos, initiated in 2014. The main stake of Piicto is to “increase the attractiveness of the territory in view of the welcoming new activities (industrial and / or innovative) “by working on economic and environmental issues.

In the United States, billionaires claim a tax

In a letter published online Monday, this club of very wealthy Americans support the idea of ​​a wealth tax. “We are writing to all presidential candidates, whether they be Republicans or Democrats, to support a moderate tax on the fortunes of a tenth of the richest 1% of Americans – about us,” they say. . The wealth of this 0.1% of the population is almost as large as that of 90% of the American population. “Any new dollar emanating from new taxes must come from the better off financially, not Americans of the middle class or popular,” added the 18 signatories, from 11 families.

Several candidates for the Democratic primary, including Pete Buttigieg, the mayor of South Bend, Indiana, or Beto O'Rourke, formerly elected to the House of Representatives, have already expressed support for such a move. But the letter puts forward the specific proposal of Senator Elizabeth Warren, which plans to tax households with more than $ 50 million in assets, which would correspond to about 75,000 families. It could, according to estimates, bring back 2.750 billion in 10 years.

“Patriotic”

“The United States has the moral, ethical and economic responsibility to tax our wealth more heavily,” the signatories write. The money recovered from this additional tax could be used to “help deal with the climate crisis, improve the economy, improve the health system, create greater equality in opportunities, and strengthen our freedoms. “by slowing the growth of inequality,” they say. Such a tax is also in their eyes “patriotic” since all Americans have a duty to contribute to their means to the success of the country. “And the richest should not be an exception.”

In the letter, the signatories refer in particular to the investor Warren Buffett, 4th US fortune, who regularly reminds that he pays relatively less tax than his secretary. The idea of ​​a specific tax on wealth is, they also point out based on polls, supported by a majority of Americans.

(With AFP)

Coalition Agree: Government Strengthens Guidelines for Arms Exports

After months of struggle, the federal government has agreed on tightening the almost 20-year-old guidelines for the export of military equipment.

Among other things, the supply of small arms to countries outside NATO and the EU should be completely banned and the whereabouts of exported weapons more closely monitored.

However, at the request of the Union, support for European cooperation in the armaments sector is anchored in the ten-page draft for the new directives, which is available to the German Press Agency. On Wednesday, the draft resolution of the Ministry of Economy will be passed by the Cabinet.

The agreement was first reported by the «spark» media group. It takes place at the last minute. Actually Union and SPD wanted to present end of 2018 new export guidelines. After the failure of this schedule Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) promised in December in the Bundestag to come to an agreement by mid-2019.

The new principles are based on the existing guidelines from the year 2000, which were then decided by the red-green government under Chancellor Gerhard Schröder. They are already among the most restrictive regulations for arms exports worldwide.

The additions made now concern the following four points:

– “The export of small arms to third countries should in principle no longer be approved,” it says in the new export guidelines. This tightening was particularly important to the SPD. Small arms such as machine guns or bazookas are considered the deadliest weapons in conflict. Already last year, its export to third countries outside of NATO and the EU was barely approved by the Federal Government. The value of approved exports in this area fell by 97 per cent from € 15.1 million to € 0.4 million.

– The control of the whereabouts of exported weapons is tightened. Above all, this should reduce the risk of retransmission to conflict areas. “If there are any doubts about the end-user's secure end-use, export applications will be rejected,” the guidelines state.

– The export of technology for production facilities abroad should also be more closely monitored. In the future, it will be carefully examined whether “the construction of foreign arms production will be made possible, which is not in line with the Federal Government's restrictive arms export policy laid down in these principles”.

– It is particularly important for the Union that Germany's capacity for alliance is not damaged by the restrictive arms export policy. This can now be found in the introduction. It states that the Federal Government is endeavoring to “ensure the Federal Republic of Germany's ability to cooperate and to cooperate internationally and to promote European cooperation in the armaments sector”. In this passage could be a relaxation of the arms export rules.

However, it is still necessary to negotiate with the Allies on how to implement this point. France and Great Britain in particular are complaining that German export policy is blocking joint arms projects. Talks are currently going on with France about an agreement that should provide a solution here. It is conceivable, for example, that components up to a certain percentage of the total product may be delivered without the strict German rules. Such a so-called de minimis rule is included in the new guidelines.

The Dutch identity: our meeting culture

Meeting is in our blood. We discuss and discuss things together in the Netherlands. From small halls to the Social and Economic Council, Dutch people are constantly looking for support. The entire polder model is based on it. That everyone can join in the conversation is because the Dutch think they are all equal.

But: is that really true?

This Wednesday, the Social Cultural Planning Office is presenting a major investigation into Dutch identity. In the run-up to that, a triptych about the same theme can be seen in Nieuwsuur. Part 1 dealt with the role of the Dutch language. Episode 2 below about our meeting culture.

Bye bye, American straw: Washington turns its back on its invention

“How to drink a milkshake?” Washington has decided in the name of environmental protection to ban plastic straws. Almost a sacrilege in the cradle of this essential object of everyday Americans.

Millions of straws came out in the last century from the yellow brick walls of the “Stone straw building”. Standing on the edge of a railway in a residential area of ​​Washington, the imposing building now houses the transport police of the US capital.

Only a discreet commemorative plaque on top of a garbage can testifies to its historic character and honors the memory of Marvin C. Stone, “inventor of paper straw”.

Legend has it that Mr. Stone had the idea by tasting one evening his favorite mint cocktail, the “mint julep”. Disrupted by the residues left by the rye straw used at the time, this manufacturer of cigarette holders replaces them with tubes made of paper rolled on itself.

Former straw factory with yellowed brick walls today houses Washington transport police (AFP - Eric BARADAT)

Former straw factory with yellowed brick walls today houses Washington transport police (AFP – Eric BARADAT)

He filed the patent in 1888 and the rest is history. But nearly a century and a half later, his city of adoption, ungrateful, is the second largest metropolis in the United States after Seattle to ban the plastic heirs of its popular invention, too small to be sorted by the machines of the United States. recycling plants.

Officially in place since January 1, their ban will be imposed on Washington from July 1, after a transitional period to allow businesses time to adapt.

– Everything to take away –

“Many have not really thought about it yet and are hoping to slip through the cracks,” notes Kirk Francis, manager of the food-hall “Tastemakers”, housed in a former mayonnaise factory adjoining the “Stone straw building”.

Concerned about the environment, the young entrepreneur Kirk Francis is realistic: the majority of the customers want especially effective straws (AFP - Eric BARADAT)

Concerned about the environment, the young entrepreneur Kirk Francis is realistic: the majority of the customers want especially effective straws (AFP – Eric BARADAT)

Concerned about the environment, the young entrepreneur faced several years ago, when he launched a food truck of biscuits and dairy products, to an existential question: “How to drink a milkshake without straw? “

Straws made of metal, paper or biodegradable plant-based – much more expensive and / or less resistant than plastic – he says he still has not found the “ideal solution”.

His curly hair wearing a cap Cookie Monster, Captain Kirk is realistic: the majority of customers do not care a bit. “What they want is a straw that does the job.”

Paper straws, more expensive and less resistant than plastic ones, are not an

Paper straws, more expensive and less resistant than plastic ones, are not an “ideal solution” for Kirk Francis (AFP – Eric BARADAT)

And do not rely on Americans to give up their straws. They are inextricably part of their culture since their use has been encouraged to curb the spread of disease from the time they still drink in public fountains with shared cups.

Another American, Joseph Friedman, launched in the 1930s, after seeing his daughter struggling with a milkshake, foldable straw, which has since grown with the country's drinking habits: fountains to sodas, everything to take away, mountains ice cubes …

– Polystyrene too –

Through the ban on plastic straws, it is especially a symbol that is targeted, says a customer of “Tastemakers”, Sarah Perrin, whose daughter Lily, 5, sips a fruit juice at the using a plastic straw, in a plastic cup surmounted by a plastic lid.

“Without straw, she would put everywhere,” says the mother. “Banning them from good intentions, but what about people with disabilities or children?” It's about raising awareness, but does it really make a difference to the environment if you do not not tackle the industry first? “

Sitting with his dog on the food-hall terrace in tropical heat, Collin Odell also uses a plastic straw to drink his guava juice filled with ice cubes.

Washington businesses still distributing plastic straws after July 1 will be subject to fines (AFP - Eric BARADAT)

Washington businesses still distributing plastic straws after July 1 will be subject to fines (AFP – Eric BARADAT)

“It came with my order!”, Defends this young inhabitant of Brookland, district in full gentrification. “I am thoroughly behind the ban if it can help reduce the massive amount of waste in the oceans.”

“We see less plastic straws in Washington,” he says. “But this is far from being the case everywhere, I am always surprised, as soon as I take the road, to be still served in trays or polystyrene cups”. Another American passion.

Peak meeting in the evening: CDU top decides timetable for mobility concept

Germany needs to significantly reduce climate protection – this is especially true for traffic. The debate is gathering pace and may have consequences for millions of passengers and vehicle owners.

Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) invites you to a peak meeting on the future of the important German car industry on this Monday evening, which is also crucial in the battle against greenhouse gases. The head of the CDU wants to position itself with climate solutions without «paternalism». The left in the Bundestag calls billions of revenue from the truck toll in rail lines and waterways redeploy.

At the meeting on the future of the auto industry at the Chancellery, several ministers, the leaders of the Union and the SPD as well as representatives of the industry and trade unionists are expected. It is about an “informal professional exchange”, as the government signaled in advance. The coalition had already announced regular summit meetings in March to make the industry fit for the future. The aim of the “Concerted Action Mobility” should be to determine the need for political action in the face of major changes to new drives and computer-controlled driving. This change also affects the working world.

On Monday, the CDU Federal Council will be discussing a concept that aims for new forms of drive and a better mix of mobility offerings. “We refuse to play modes of transport against each other or to patronize road users by means of prohibitions,” says a paper by CDU Federal Vice Thomas Strobl and Lower Saxony's Minister of Economics Bernd Althusmann. The aim of the climate protection target is not “state-sponsored conduct, which believes that it can specify in detail how, where and with what technology this takes place”.

Specifically, the state should not pretend that in the future with synthetic fuels, electric batteries or hydrogen will be driven. “Even the use of fossil sources seems to be possible with newer methods for avoiding emissions,” says the CDU paper, which is available to the German Press Agency. First, the editorial network Germany (Saturday) reported about it. You can not concentrate on electric mobility alone.

The railways should play a more important role. Saxony's Prime Minister Michael Kretschmer (CDU) advocated liberating the railway from the eco-tax, which amounts to around 110 million euros a year. It is the most environmentally friendly means of transport and makes “a significant contribution to climate protection,” he told the dpa.

Federal Transport Minister Andreas Scheuer (CSU) wants a reduction of the value added tax of the tickets for ICE and Intercity from 19 to 7 per cent – as part of a catalog with climate protection suggestions. However, in order to be able to rely more on the railway, the competition called for improvements at the weekend. Lufthansa has been urging for years to relocate short-haul flights inland to the railway, said CEO Carsten Spohr the “mirror”. But so far there are “far too few reliable and competitive offers of the train”.

The leftist in the Bundestag calls for a “radical departure from the transport infrastructure that has been very heavily congested for decades”, as political expert Jörg Cezanne of the dpa said. “Climate change can not be countered with cosmetic corrections and a few electric cars.” In a bill, the group proposes to fundamentally change the current purpose of truck toll revenues of around seven billion euros a year solely for improvements to highways and federal highways.

In the future, the money should be used after deduction of costs only for “pure conservation measures” of the highways – and also for the construction and extension of railways, inland waterways and facilities for combined freight by ship, rail and truck Highways would be so clearly limited, since it would be financed only from the federal budget. Controversial private financing models of highways via public-private partnerships (PPP) wants to exclude the left accordingly.

How political is the trial against Geert Wilders?

This week the appeal begins in the so-called Wilders process. The case started in 2014 about Wilders' 'Less Moroccan' judgments, asking whether that was a punishable judgment. He was convicted of group insult, but was not sentenced.

Wilders appealed and that starts substantively this week. An important question has arisen since this spring, namely whether there was any political influence by the Ministry of Justice on the Public Prosecution Service.

For example, RTL News discovered indications that the then minister of Justice Ivo Opstelten was in contact with the highest prosecutor of the OM, Herman Bolhaar. There would have been four consultations, and there were also four times of message traffic.

Private

What exactly has been exchanged in those meetings and messages has not come out. Minister Ferd Grapperhaus has seen the documents, but does not want to make them public. Moreover, RTL News reports that both men in interrogations behind closed doors stated that they could not remember the conversations.

It is striking that the OM and the Ministry have repeatedly told the judge that there has been no contact. That does not seem true. The coming week may show whether that has consequences. According to the schedule, the decision of the appeal is on 11 October.

How political is the trial against Geert Wilders? What makes this case so special? And is it a fair process? We presented it to four lawyers and criminal law experts in the report below.

Liesbeth lets her colleagues experience what it is like to be (almost) blind

“Sometimes it happened that I was on the wrong bus. Then I suddenly stood in the middle of Hellevoetsluis, while I had to be here in Zuidland. Then I am too stubborn to ask,” says Liesbeth Heller.

Three years ago, she was diagnosed with Stargardt's disease, an eye condition that makes you lose your sight slowly. “I actually found out during my work. I could no longer see the bottom tabs on the big screen. We soon discovered that something was not right.”

In the week in which the Eye Fund calls attention to blindness and low vision, Liesbeth set out a course at her work. Below she challenges her colleagues to walk for a bit, visually impaired:

Near Paris, battle against the reconstruction of the largest incinerator in Europe

“Useless” and “dangerous” for the inhabitants and environmental associations, but “of general interest” for the authorities: the protest, first citizen, of the reconstruction in Ivry-sur-Seine of the biggest incinerator of Europe, is now played on the political and judicial scene, fifteen years after the first consultations.

At the beginning of June, in an umpteenth rebound, the Val-de-Marne prefecture announced that it was taking legal action to demand the cancellation of a poll organized by the town hall, which takes the form of the following question: “Are you for or against the reconstruction project of the waste treatment center? “

The counter-attack of the mayor PCF of the city, Philippe Bouyssou, was immediate. The city council has, in turn, indicated that it is urgently seeking justice for the continuation of the poll, scheduled for June 29th.

“This consultation is a symbolic action to give voice to the inhabitants,” says the edile to AFP, calling the prefect's decision “unacceptable”.

Led by the Syndicat intercommunal de traitement des garres ménagères (Syctom), which brings together 84 communes of Ile-de-France, this project, whose cost is around 2 billion euros, has two components: the reconstruction of a factory incineration, of which the current, built in 1969, reaches the end of life, and the creation of an energy recovery plant (UVE), project still in preparation.

The current incinerator, which burns the waste of 15 municipalities including Paris, the equivalent of 730,000 tons of garbage per year, is the largest in Europe. The future incinerator, it will have a reduced capacity of half, or 350,000 tons.

“An ambitious but realistic bet,” welcomes the Syctom, which expects a gradual decline in waste Ile.

“Insufficient!” objected the environmental associations for whom this project “disproportionate” is out of step with the law of energy transition which requires 65% of recycling by 2025.

– 75% recyclable –

“We make the choice to invest in a past and controversial technology while we could put this money in the prevention and recycling”, Storm Anne Connan collective 3 R, for which currently, “75% of the contents of our trash sent to the incinerator is recyclable “.

The same goes for the locals, mobilized from the very first hours against this project. In 2017, a citizen petition had collected more than 27,000 signatures. “I have two children, one of whom is asthmatic so the air pollution, I think about it every day and this project anguishes me,” says Sandra, a resident.

“I am 100% against the project but what makes me nervous is the method.We have never been asked our opinion and when we dares to raise doubts, we feel guilty and infantilises us by saying that 'You have to be responsible and the garbage will not disappear like magic,' says Eric, 33, who grew up in the city.

False, retorts the prefecture, recalling that a public inquiry, conducted last year, had collected nearly 2,000 observations. And to emphasize that the first consultations go back to the year 2004 and that the project was definitely validated in the autumn.

Not enough to discourage the local collective 3 R and the association Zero Waste France who decided to continue the fight in the courts. In total, three appeals have been filed and should be judged next year.

But for Pierre Hirtzberger, Syctom's general director of technical services, the “incinerator project is more than ever essential to ensure the proper functioning of the public waste service”.

According to figures from the Ile-de-France Regional Waste Observatory (ORDIF), the amount of waste per inhabitant in Syctom territory is currently 328 kilos, compared to 261 for the rest of France. But, says the organization, this waste is “mostly” recyclable.

What revive a debate that continues to unleash the passions. The latest example is the mayor's turnaround, which has always been favorable to the rebuilding of the incineration plant, but which now calls for a no vote for citizen consultation.

“While procrastinating, Eric laments, the incinerator is under construction and it will soon be too late.”

Philippa Strache: That's why the name Strache will continue to play a role in the future

Again, the name Strache plays an important role in the right-wing populists in Austria. But this time it's not about the former FPÖ party leader Heinz-Christian Strache, but about his wife. Philippa Strache is running for the National Council election in September – and even on the promising 3rd place in the Vienna state list. According to the “Süddeutsche Zeitung” Strache could have facilitated a deal the renunciation of his place in the EU Parliament: With their income as a deputy family Strache would be secured – and the FPÖ does not lose votes of Strache fans. Among the FPÖ supporters, the 31-year-old is already gaining positives, as she considers her husband during the Ibiza affair. According to Austrian media reports, although there had been a brief marriage crisis in which she had “been in shock”, but then Philippa uses as a defender for her husband.

Quote: “We are, if you will, a small family army.” – Philippa Strache opposite “The Colorful”

Heinz-Christian Strache has not given any public interview since his resignation.

The former presenter has no problem standing in front of the camera. Especially on the family life with the little son she likes to report on TV. Philippa already brings along political experience: For five years she works as a secretary for the Austrian Social Democrats (SPÖ). Today, Philippa Strache is animal welfare officer of the FPÖ. Which positions she wants to represent is still unclear. One thing is certain: The name Strache remains present in Austrian politics.