Make biofuel from microalgae fed with industrial fumes: this solution to treat pollutants has been tested and validated in the industrial area of Fos-sur-Mer (Bouches-du-Rhone), was learned Tuesday from the Harbor.
The principle of this research project, called Vasco 2, is simple: the CO2-laden fumes (carbon dioxide) from three steel plants of Kem One, Arcelor Mittal and Solamat-Merex were injected directly into microalgae culture ponds. .
“The biomass + part of these crops is then extracted, dehydrated and transformed into a paste that is sent to a specialized branch of the CEA (Commissariat for Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies) before being refined into biofuel. “says Magali Deveze, head of the sustainable development and land development department of the Port of Marseille Fos, who is coordinating the Vasco 2 project.
The director of development of the port Renaud Paubelle announces his wish “to pass to the following stage: that to demonstrate that we can do it at the industrial stage”.
According to Ms. Deveze, the industrialization of the process is all the more feasible that “it combines two advantages: a low cost, with rudimentary installations, and a universal side since it does not require treating upstream fumes or select the algae “.
The industrial port area of Fos-sur-Mer, which covers 10,000 hectares, is one of the largest in Europe. It generates a strong pollution with ozone, so much so that the Regional Agency of Health (ARS) recognized in 2018 that the state of health of the inhabitants of the surroundings was “weakened”.
The Vasco 2 project, coordinated by the port of Marseille Fos, was realized thanks to a technology of the company Coldep, with Ifremer and CEA researchers, Total and several industrialists. The project was supported by the metropolis of Aix-Marseille-Provence.
Vasco 2 is part of the Piicto program (Industrial Platform & Innovation of Caban Tonkin) of the port of Marseille Fos, initiated in 2014. The main stake of Piicto is to “increase the attractiveness of the territory in view of the welcoming new activities (industrial and / or innovative) “by working on economic and environmental issues.